Albert Anastasia

Albert Anastasia


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Albert Anastasia is gebore in Tropea, Italië, op 26 Februarie 1902. Anastasia verhuis in 1919 na die Verenigde State en vestig hom in New York. Hy het by die bende aangesluit onder leiding van Joe Masseria. In 1931 het hy egter ingestem om saam met Lucky Luciano en Bugsy Siegel saam te gaan met die moord op Masseria in 'n restaurant op Coney Island.

In 1933 word Anastasia lid van 'n groep wat later die naam Murder Incorporated verkry het. Anastasia en gewapende mans soos Louis Lepke Buchalter en Abe Reles het teregstellings vir geld uitgevoer.

Na die arrestasie en teregstelling van Louis Lepke Buchalter in 1944, word Anastasia die leier van Murder Incorporated.

Op 25 Oktober 1957 word Albert Anastasia vermoor terwyl hy in 'n kapperstoel in 'n hotel in New York sit.


Albert Anastasia is veral bekend as 'n misdadiger. 'N Italiaanse mobster wat bekend is vir die stigting van die Amerikaanse maffia en die bestuur van Murder, Inc. Albert Anastasia is gebore op 26 September 1902 in Italië. Hy het die Verenigde State in 1919 onwettig met 'n vragskip binnegekom. Albert Anastasia is een van die suksesvolste misdadigers. Hy het op die lys van beroemde mense geplaas gebore op 26 September 1902.

Hy het ook 'n posisie onder die lys van gewildste misdadigers.

Gesin: Ouers, kinders en familielede

Sy ouers was Raffaelo Anastasio en Louisa Nomina de Filippi. Hy het nie genoeg inligting oor gesinsbesonderhede gedeel nie. Ons span werk tans, maar ons sal inligting oor familie, broers en susters, eggenote en kinders opdateer.

VaderNie beskikbaar nie
MoederNie beskikbaar nie
Broer (s)Nie beskikbaar nie
Suster (s)Nie beskikbaar nie
EggenootNie beskikbaar nie
KindersNie beskikbaar nie
Ander familieledeNie beskikbaar nie

Umberto Anastasio is gebore op 26 September 1902 in Parghelia, Calabria, Italië, en Anastasia en sy broers het in 1919 op 'n vragskip na New York gekom. Hulle het as langboere gewerk aan die Brooklyn -waterfront, en Anastasia het opgestaan ​​om ses hoofstukke van die Internasionaal te beheer. Longshoremen's Association in Brooklyn. Anastasia het hom tydens die Castellammarese Oorlog met Joe Masseria en sy Masseria -misdaadfamilie verbind, en tydens sy kruistog het hy by Lucky Luciano, Meyer Lansky en Bugsy Siegel aangesluit om die ou Mafia uit te wis. restaurant. Anastasia en Louis Buchalter het beide Murder, Inc. gedurende die dertigerjare geskep, en hy was verantwoordelik vir tussen 400 en 1,000 moorde, wat hom die bynaam 'die Mad Hatter' gekry het. Hy was die mees gevreesde Amerikaanse Mafia -huurmoordenaar van die 1930's en 1940's, en hy het tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog by die Amerikaanse weermag aangesluit, maar hy het nooit gevegte gesien nie. In 1951 word hy baas van die Gambino -misdaadfamilie na sy moord op Vincent Mangano, en Anastasia het 'n bondgenootskap met Frank Costello gehad om te voorkom dat Vito Genovese die gesin van Costello (die toekomstige Genovese misdaadfamilie) oorneem.

Ondergang

Op 25 Oktober 1957 het twee Genovese huurmoordenaars die Park Sheraton Hotel -kapperswinkel binnegegaan, waar Anastasia besig was om te sny. Die gewapende mans het Anastasia op sy stoel geskiet, en Anastasia het opgestaan ​​en probeer om na sy moordenaars te spring. Hy het egter eerder in die spieël vasgery, en hy is verskeie kere op die vloer geskiet. Die dood van Anastasia het daartoe gelei dat Carlo Gambino die gesin oorgeneem het, en Genovese sou misluk in sy pogings om Costello dood te maak.


Mafia -laksman Albert Anastasia se huis van die 1920's

Red Hook's Little Italy in Pioneer Street was 'n digte, smaakvolle woonstel, markte en tavernes. Dit was ook die plek waar die opkomende bendes Albert Anastasia in die twintigerjare 'n tuiste gevind het.

Saam met drie van sy broers het Anastasia in 1919 onwettig van 'n vragskip afgestyg uit Italië waaraan hy gewerk het. Op die ouderdom van 17 het hy hom in die longshoreman -lewe gevestig, handewerk verrig en ontspan deur te drink en te dobbel, alles binne vyf blokke van die dokke.

Teen 1921, op 19 -jarige ouderdom, het Anastasia reeds naam op die dokke gemaak en gou by die plaaslike vakbond betrokke geraak. Anastasia het teen die laat twintigerjare 'n toonaangewende leier geword in die berugte korrupte International Longshoreman's Association deur middel van agterdeur-transaksies en goed gekose bondgenote.

Die vakbond van die longshoreman is grootliks deur die Mafia beheer, en die talente van Anastasia is op verskillende maniere gebruik. Uiteindelik stig hy een van die wreedste moordondernemings in Amerika, die handhawingsarm van die maffia met die bynaam "Murder, Inc.", wat Anastasia self byname soos "The Mad Hatter" en "The Lord High Executioner" kry.


Die vyf gesinne

Dit was tydens hierdie fase dat Maranzano die mafia in vyf gesinne sou herorganiseer. Anastasia is aangestel as die onderbaas van Vincent Mangano's familie, wat vandag bekend staan ​​as die Gambino -misdaadfamilie.

Nie lank na die vertrek van Joe Masseria was die moord op Salvatore Maranzano wat 'n heel ander karakter as Joe The Boss was. Joe The Boss was 'n slapgat, Maranzano was respekvol en goed aangetrek.

In September 1931 gaan die manne van Luciano die kantore van Maranzano binne en ontslae te raak van sy lyfwagte wat destyds nie gewapen was nie as gevolg van 'n nuwe beleid wat Maranzano toegepas het, sodat hulle nie gevind sou word om vuurwapens in te pak as hulle deur die wet ondersoek word nie.

Met die lyfwagte uit die pad, het Luciano se mans Maranzano in sy eie kantoor doodgeskiet.

Dit was wat Luciano die Nasionale misdaadsyndikaat wat bestaan ​​uit groot gesinsbase van regoor die land sowel as die vyf gesinne van New York, met die doel om winsgewende onwettige aktiwiteite soos rampokkery, dobbelary en bootlegging te reguleer.


Albert Anastasia

Umberto & quotAlbert & quot Anastasia (26 September 1902 – 25 Oktober 1957) was 'n Italiaans-Amerikaanse gangster, huurmoordenaar en misdaadbaas. Een van die stigters van die moderne Amerikaanse maffia en die stigter en baas van Murder, Inc., Anastasia was die baas van die moderne Gambino -misdaadfamilie. Hy was ook die grootste deel van sy kriminele loopbaan in beheer van die New Yorkse waterfront, insluitend die vakbondmeesters. Hy is op 25 Oktober 1957 vermoor op bevel van Vito Genovese en Carlo Gambino Gambino word daarna baas van die gesin.

Anastasia was een van die mees genadelose en gevreesde georganiseerde misdaadfigure in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis, sy reputasie het hom die byname 'The One-Man Army', 'Mad Hatter' en 'Lord High Executioner', besorg.

Albert Anastasia (gebore Umberto Anastasio, 26 September 1902 – 25 Oktober 1957) was een van die mees genadelose en gevreesde Cosa Nostra -bendes in die geskiedenis van die Verenigde State. Anastasia, 'n stigter van die American Mafia, bestuur Murder, Inc. gedurende die vooroorlogse era en gedurende die grootste deel van die vyftigerjare was die baas van die moderne Gambino -misdaadfamilie. Hy is miskien die mees gevreesde treffer in die goue era van die Amerikaanse maffia, wat die berugte byname 'Mad Hatter' en 'Lord High Executioner' verdien.

Inhoud [wys] Biografie [wysig] Vroeë jare [wysig] Albert Anastasia is gebore op 26 September 1902 in Tropea, Calabria, Italië. Sy ouers was Raffaelo Anastasio en Louisa Nomina de Filippi. Die familienaam was 'Anastasio', maar Albert het in 1921 'Anastasia' begin gebruik.

Raffaelo Anastasio was 'n spoorwegwerker wat na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog gesterf het en nege seuns en drie dogters agtergelaat het. Albert se broers was Salvatore, Frank, Joseph, Gerardo en Anthony Anastasio. [1] Anastasia was getroud met Elsa Barnesi, hulle het een seun, Anthony Anastasia, jr. [2] Hulle sou nog 'n seun en twee dogters hê.

In 1919 het Anastasia en drie van sy broers in New York aangekom met 'n vragskip. Die broers het die skip verlaat en die Verenigde State onwettig binnegekom. Die seuns het gou as langskepe aan die waterfront van Brooklyn begin werk. [1]

Op 17 Maart 1921 is Anastasia skuldig bevind aan die moord op die langman, George Turino, as gevolg van 'n rusie. Anastasia is ter dood veroordeel en na die Sing Sing State Prison in Ossining, New York, gestuur om af te wag. Weens 'n regstegniese aard het Anastasia egter 'n herverhoor in 1922 gewen. Omdat vier van die oorspronklike vervolgingsgetuies intussen verdwyn het, is Anastasia in 1922 vrygelaat. [1]

Op 6 Junie 1923 is Anastasia skuldig bevind aan die onwettige besit van 'n vuurwapen en tot twee jaar tronkstraf gevonnis. [1]

Aan die bewind kom [wysig] Teen die laat 1920's het Anastasia 'n topleier van die International Longshoremen's Association (ILA) geword en ses plaaslike vakbondhoofde in Brooklyn beheer. Anastasia het hom verbind met Giuseppe & quotJoe the Boss & quot Masseria, 'n kragtige bendeleier in Brooklyn. Anastasia het gou nabye vennote geword met toekomstige Cosa Nostra -base Joe Adonis, Charles & quotLucky & quot; Luciano, Vito Genovese en Frank Costello. [2]

In 1928 word Anastasia aangekla van 'n moord in Brooklyn, maar die getuies het verdwyn of geweier om in die hof te getuig. [2]

Castellammarese Oorlog [wysig] In 1930 het Luciano sy planne om die georganiseerde misdaadrakke in New York oor te neem, afgehandel deur die twee ou Mafia-faksies onder leiding van Masseria en Salvatore Maranzano te vernietig. Luciano het sy plot aan Anastasia uiteengesit, wat by hom en Benjamin & quotBugsy & Siegel in die plot aangesluit het. Anastasia verseker Luciano dat hy almal sal doodmaak sodat Luciano die top bereik. Anastasia het geweet dat as Luciano die National Crime Syndicate bestuur, uiteindelik 'n stuk van die aksie sou kry. & Quot Op hierdie stadium het Luciano in die geheim sy steun aan Maranzano gegee.

Op 15 April 1931 het Anastasia na bewering aan Masseria se moord deelgeneem. Luciano het Masseria na 'n vergadering in 'n restaurant in Coney Island, Brooklyn, gelok. Tydens hul ete het Luciano homself verskoon om na die toilet te gaan. Sodra Luciano weg is, het Anastasia, Vito Genovese, Joe Adonis en Bugsy Siegel die eetkamer binnegedring en Masseria doodgeskiet. Die oorlog het geëindig en Maranzano was die wenner. [3] Niemand is ooit in die Masseria -moord aangekla nie. In die daaropvolgende herorganisasie van die maffia van New York in die huidige Five Families, is Anastasia aangestel as onderbaas van die misdaadfamilie van Vincent Mangano, die moderne Gambino -misdaadfamilie. [4]

In September 1931 word Maranzano self vermoor en Luciano word die vooraanstaande skurk in Amerika. [5] Om die magstryd en grondgeskille wat tot die Castellammarese oorlog gelei het, te vermy, het Luciano die National Crime Syndicate gestig, bestaande uit die groot familiebase van regoor die land en die sogenaamde & quotfive families & quot van New York. Die sindikaat was bedoel om as 'n beraadslagende liggaam te dien om geskille op te los, gebiede op te bou en te versprei en winsgewende onwettige aktiwiteite soos rampokkery, dobbelary en bootlegging te reguleer (wat tot 'n einde gekom het met die herroeping van die verbod in 1933). Die Italiaans-Amerikaanse maffia het hul eie liggaam, bekend as die Kommissie. [6]

In 1932 is Anastasia aangekla van die moord op 'n ander man met 'n yspluk, maar die saak is laat vaar weens 'n gebrek aan getuies.

In 1933 word Anastasia aangekla van die moord op 'n man wat weer in 'n wassery gewerk het; daar was geen getuies wat bereid was om te getuig nie. [2]

Moord, geïnkorporeer [wysig] Om die lojaliteit van Anastasia te beloon, plaas Luciano hom en Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, die land se voorste arbeidsbeheerder, in beheer van die handhawingsarm van die sindikaat, Murder, Inc. Die groep, ook bekend as "The Brownsville Boys", was 'n groep van Joodse en Italiaanse moordenaars wat uit die agterkamer van Midnight Rose's, 'n snoepwinkel van Louis Capone, in die Brownsville -woonbuurt in Brooklyn, gewerk het. Daar word beraam dat Murder Inc. gedurende sy tien jaar van bedryf tussen 400 en 1000 moorde gepleeg het, waarvan baie nooit opgelos is nie. Vir sy leierskap in Murder, Inc., het Anastasia die bynaam gekry as die "Mad Hatter" en die "Lord High Executioner" [7] Anders as Lepke en baie ander lede van Murder, Inc., is Anastasia nooit vervolg vir enige van hierdie moorde nie. Dit word deur sommige betwyfel dat hy selfs betrokke was, aangesien hy as onderbaas van 'n gesin sy eie moordenaars gehad het om te gebruik indien nodig. Gedurende hierdie tydperk het Anastasia se visitekaartjie beweer dat hy 'n verteenwoordiger van & quot; verkoop van die Convertible Mattress Corporation in Brooklyn was.

Op 7 Junie 1936 is Luciano skuldig bevind op 62 aanklagte van verpligte prostitusie. [8] Op 18 Julie 1936 kry Luciano 'n vonnis van 30 tot 50 jaar in die staatstraf. [9] Genovese het waarnemende baas geword, maar hy moes in 1937 na Italië vlug nadat hy op 'n moord in 1934 aangekla is. Frank Costello het nou waarnemende baas van die Luciano -misdaadfamilie geword.

In Mei 1939 beveel Anastasia na bewering die moord op Morris Diamond, 'n amptenaar van 'n vragmotorunie in Brooklyn. Diamond was 'n amptenaar van die Teamsters Union wat gekant was teen die pogings van die boefman Louis Buchalter om beheer oor die Garment District in Manhattan te behou. [10] [11] In die somer van 1939 het Anastasia na bewering die moord op Peter Panto, 'n ILA -aktivis, gereël. Panto het 'n beweging gelei vir demokratiese hervormings by die ILA -inwoners, en wou nie deur ILA -amptenare geïntimideer word nie. Op 14 Julie 1939 verdwyn Panto sy liggaam is later op 'n plaas in New Jersey teruggevind. [12] [13]

Met die inhegtenisneming van Abe Reles in 1941 op aanklag van moord, het wetstoepassers Murder, Inc. uiteindelik ontbind. Reles was 'n bendeleier uit Brownsville, Brooklyn, wat die afgelope tien jaar huurmoordenaars aan Anastasia en Murder, Inc. Reles het besluit om te getuig dat die regering homself van die doodstraf kan red. Sy getuienis het sewe lede van Murder Inc skuldig bevind. Reles het ook inligting wat Anastasia kan betrek by die Diamond- en Panto -moorde in 1939. Uit vrees vir vervolging het Anastasia 'n beloning van $ 100,000 aangebied vir die moord op Reles. [14]

Op 12 November 1941 is Reles dood aangetref op 'n restaurant se dak buite die Half Moon Hotel in Coney Island. Reles word tydens 'n voortgesette verhoor by 'n kamer op die sesde verdieping bewaak. In 1951 het 'n groot jurie beslis dat Reles per ongeluk gesterf het toe hy na die vyfde verdieping klim met lakens vasgemaak aan 'n verwarmingsradiator. Baie amptenare vermoed egter steeds dat Reles vermoor is. [11]

In die lente van 1942 beveel Anastasia na bewering die moord op 'n medewerker, Anthony Romeo. Romeo is gearresteer en ondervra tydens die moord op Panto. Einde Junie is die liggaam van Romeo egter naby Guyencourt, Delaware, ontdek. Romeo is verskeie kere geslaan en geskiet. [15]

Tweede Wêreldoorlog [wysig] Tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het Anastasia na berig word die plan om 'n vergifnis vir Luciano te wen deur die oorlogspoging te help. Omdat Amerika bondgenote op Sicilië nodig gehad het om die inval in Italië te bevorder, en die begeerte van die vloot om sy hulpbronne aan die oorlog te wy, het Anastasia 'n ooreenkoms beplan om 'n ligter behandeling vir Luciano te verkry terwyl hy in die gevangenis was, en na die oorlog, 'n parool. in ruil vir die maffia wat die waterfront beskerm en Luciano se hulp met sy medewerkers op Sicilië. [16]

In 1942 het Anastasia by die Amerikaanse weermag aangesluit. Hy is moontlik gemotiveer deur 'n begeerte om te ontsnap aan die strafregtelike ondersoeke wat Murder Inc. afgebreek het. Met die rang van tegniese sersant het Anastasia soldate opgelei om langhoofde te wees by Fort Indiantown Gap in Pennsylvania. In 1943, as beloning vir sy militêre diens, het Anastasia Amerikaanse burgerskap ontvang. [1] In 1944 is Anastasia eerbaar uit die weermag ontslaan en verhuis hy sy gesin na 'n herehuis in Fort Lee, New Jersey. [2] In 1958, minder as 'n jaar na Anastasia se dood, het die komediant Buddy Hackett en sy vrou die herehuis gekoop, [17] en na opknappings het hulle ingetrek en die grootste deel van die 1960's daar gewoon. [18]

In 1945 keer die Amerikaanse militêre owerhede op Sicilië Genovese terug na die Verenigde State om verhoor te word weens die moord op Boccia in 1934. Na die dood van die hoof vervolgingsgetuie word alle aanklagte teen Genovese egter laat vaar. In 1946 het die goewerneur van New York, Thomas E. Dewey, Luciano se vonnis versag en die federale regering het hom onmiddellik na Italië gedeporteer. [19]

In 1948 het Anastasia 'n kleremaakfabriek in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, gekoop en sy aktiwiteite aan die water laat in die beheer van sy broer Anthony. [2]

Baas [wysig] In 1951 het die Amerikaanse senaat Anastasia ontbied om vrae oor georganiseerde misdaad tydens die Kefauver -verhore te beantwoord. Anastasia het geweier om enige vrae te beantwoord. [1]

Alhoewel Anastasia in eie reg 'n skare was, was hy nominaal die onderbaas van die Mangano -misdaadfamilie onder baas Vincent Mangano. Tydens sy 20-jarige bewind het Mangano gegrief oor Anastasia se noue bande met Luciano en Costello. Mangano was veral ontsteld dat Luciano en Costello die dienste van Anastasia verkry het sonder om eers toestemming van Mangano te vra. Hierdie en ander sake -geskille het gelei tot hewige, byna fisieke gevegte tussen die twee skare. [20] Vroeg in 1951 het Vincent Mangano vermis geraak en sy lyk is nooit gevind nie. Op 19 April 1951 is die lyk van Philip Mangano, wat drie keer geskiet is, in 'n vleiland in Bergen Beach, Brooklyn, ontdek. [21] Niemand is ooit in die Mangano -moorde gearresteer nie, maar daar word algemeen aanvaar dat Anastasia hulle laat vermoor het. [22]

Na die dood van die Mangano -broers, het Anastasia, wat as waarnemende baas van die Mangano -familie gedien het, met die kommissie vergader. Anastasia het beweer dat die Manganos hom wou doodmaak, maar het nie erken dat hulle hulle vermoor het nie. [23] Met die aanstoot van Costello bevestig die kommissie dat Anastasia as hemelbaas as die baas van die hernoemde Anastasia -familie aangestel is. Costello wou Anastasia hê as 'n bondgenoot teen die ambisieuse en wrewelrige Genovese. Anastasia word ook ondersteun deur Joseph Bonanno, wat bloot 'n bendeoorlog wou vermy. [20] [23]

In Maart 1952 beveel Anastasia na bewering die moord op Arnold Schuster. Schuster was 'n jong man in New York wat die vlugtige bankrower Willie Sutton suksesvol geïdentifiseer het, wat gelei het tot die arrestasie van Sutton. Toe Anastasia sien hoe 'n onderhoud met Schuster op televisie plaasvind, het hy na bewering gesê: "Ek kan nie piepies verdra nie! Slaan daardie man! & Quot Op 8 Maart 1952 het 'n gewapende man Schuster doodgeskiet op 'n straat in Borough Park, Brooklyn. Hierdie openbare beskuldiging teen Anastasia is in 1963 deur die regeringsgetuie Joseph Valachi gemaak, maar baie mense in die wetstoepassing was skepties daaroor. Niemand is ooit in die Schuster -moord gearresteer nie. [24] [25]

Op 9 Desember 1952 het die Federale Regering aansoek gedoen om Anastasia te denaturiseer en hom te deporteer omdat hy gelieg het oor sy burgerskapaansoek. [26]

Sameswering [wysig] Om die beheer oor die Luciano -familie te neem, moes Genovese Frank Costello doodmaak. Genovese kon Costello egter nie doodmaak sonder om Anastasia ook uit te skakel nie. Om dit te kon doen, het Genovese bondgenote nodig gehad.

Vito Genovese het Anastasia se brutale gedrag teen hom gebruik in 'n poging om sy ondersteuners te ontwyk en Anastasia uitgebeeld as 'n onstabiele moordenaar wat dreig om druk op die Cosa Nostra te plaas. Daarbenewens het Genovese daarop gewys dat Anastasia lidmate vir $ 50,000 aan sy misdaadfamilie verkoop het, 'n duidelike oortreding van die reëls van die Kommissie wat baie booswigte op hoë vlak woedend gemaak het. Volgens Valachi verloor Anastasia groot bedrae geld op wedrenne, wat hom nog meer nors en onvoorspelbaar maak. [22]

In die volgende paar jaar het Genovese in die geheim die steun van Anastasia capo Carlo Gambino gewen en hom die leiding van die familie van Anastasia gebied in ruil vir sy samewerking. [27] Genovese het ook stilswyende goedkeuring van Meyer Lansky gekry. Lansky, een van Luciano se vroegste medewerkers, het die meeste van die Amerikaanse sakebelange van Luciano behartig. Lansky en Genovese was ook sakevennote uit die 1920's. Genovese kon nie Anastasia en Costello doodmaak sonder die ondersteuning van Lansky nie.

Anastasia se hebsug het Lansky gou gedryf om Genovese te help. Gedurende die vyftigerjare het Lansky al die casino -dobbelary in Kuba beheer, en die base van Cosa Nostra minder aandele van sy wins aangebied. Toe Anastasia 'n groter aandeel eis, weier Lansky. Anastasia het toe sy eie casino -raket in Kuba begin. Terwyl Lansky verkies het hoe Anastasia en Genovese mekaar van die kantlyn af veg, het Lansky nou sy aktiewe steun aan Genovese gewerp.

Op 23 Mei 1955 het Anastasia skuld beken op belastingontduiking omdat hy sy inkomste aan die einde van die veertigerjare onderrapporteer het. [28] Op 3 Junie 1955 is Anastasia gevonnis tot een jaar in die federale gevangenis en 'n boete van $ 20.000. [29] Na sy skuldigbevinding het die federale regering 'n suksesvolle versoekskrif aan 'n federale hof gedoen om Anastasia se burgerskap terug te trek sodat hy gedeporteer kan word. Op 19 September 1955 het 'n hoër hof egter hierdie beslissing omgekeer. [30]

Vroeg in 1957 besluit Genovese om oor te gaan na Costello. Op 2 Mei 1957 het die gewapende man Vincent Gigante Costello buite sy woonstelgebou geskiet en gewond. [31] Alhoewel die wond oppervlakkig was, het dit Costello oorreed om die mag aan Genovese af te staan ​​en af ​​te tree. Genovese beheer nou wat nou die Genovese misdaadfamilie genoem word. Joseph Bonanno sou hom later erkenning gee aan die reël van 'n vergadering waar hy verhinder dat Anastasia Genovese onmiddellik na die oorlog sou neem. [32]

Op 17 Junie van daardie jaar is Frank Scalice, die onderbaas van Anastasia en die man wat direk verantwoordelik was vir die verkoop van Gambino -lidmaatskap, vermoor. Volgens Joseph Valachi het Anastasia die treffer en die daaropvolgende moord op Scalice se broer Joseph goedgekeur nadat hy aangebied het om sy dreigemente om Frank te wreek, te vergewe. [33]

Moord [wysig] Op die oggend van 25 Oktober 1957 het Anastasia die kapperswinkel van die Park Sheraton Hotel, 56ste Straat en 7de Laan in Midtown Manhattan binnegegaan. [34] Die bestuurder van Anastasia het die motor in 'n ondergrondse motorhuis geparkeer en daarna buite gestap en Anastasia onbeskerm gelaat. Terwyl Anastasia in die kapperstoel ontspan, het twee mans serpe wat hul gesigte bedek, die kapper uit die pad gestamp en op Anastasia geskiet. Na die eerste kolskoot het Anastasia na bewering sy moordenaars afgestorm. Die verstomde Anastasia het egter die gewapende mans se weerkaatsings in die muurspieël van die kapperswinkel aangeval. Die gewapende mans het verder geskiet en Albert Anastasia het uiteindelik op die vloer geval, dood. [35]

Die moord op Anastasia het groot openbare belangstelling veroorsaak en het 'n hoë polisie -ondersoek tot gevolg gehad. Per New York Times se joernalis en Five Families -skrywer Selwyn Raab, & quotDie lewendige beeld van 'n hulpelose slagoffer wat in wit handdoeke gehad is, is in die openbare geheue gestempel. & Quot [36] Niemand is egter in hierdie saak aangekla nie. [37] Met verloop van tyd het bespiegelings oor wie Anastasia vermoor het, gefokus op die profaci -misdaadfamilie -maffier Joe Gallo, die Patriarca -misdaadfamilie van Providence, Rhode Island en sekere dwelmhandelaars met die Gambino -familie.

Aanvanklik het die NYPD tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat die Anastasia -treffer deur Genovese en Gambino gereël is, en dit is uitgevoer deur 'n bemanning onder leiding van & quotCrazy Joe & quot Gallo van die Profaci -familie. [36] Op 'n stadium spog Gallo met 'n medewerker van sy aandeel in die treffer:

& quot; U kan ons vyf maar die kapperswinkeltjie noem. & quot [38]

Beledigers sê egter dat dit onlogies was dat Profaci Anastasia vermoor het. [Wie?] Profaci was verbonde aan Bonanno en Anastasia in die kommissie teen Genovese, Costello en Thomas Lucchese. Deur Anastasia te vermoor, het Profaci 'n bondgenoot uitgeskakel en 'n moontlike vyand in Gambino gekry.

Die Patriarca -teorie is dat Anastasia se moordenaars uit die Patriarca -familie in Providence/Boston gekom het. Genovese het tradisioneel sterk bande met die Patriarca -baas, Raymond L.S. Patriarca. Boonop was dit sinvol om slagoffers buite die stad te gebruik. Die Patriarca -trefferspan is na bewering onder leiding van die skare John (Jackie) & quotMad Dog & quot Nazarian.

Die teorie van dwelmhandelaars is dat Gambino 'n paar Gambino -dwelmhandelaars van die Lower East Side van Manhattan gebruik het om Anastasia dood te maak, waaronder Stephen Armone, Stephen Grammauta en Arnold Wittenberg. [37] [39]

Na afloop [wysig] Carlo Gambino sou na verwagting tydens die Apalachin -vergadering van 14 November 1957 as baas van die familie van Anastasia uitgeroep word, wat deur Genovese geroep is om die toekoms van Cosa Nostra te bespreek in die lig van sy oorname. [40] Toe die polisie op die vergadering toesak, tot nadeel van Genovese se reputasie, is die aanstelling van Gambino uitgestel tot 'n latere vergadering in New York. [41] Onder Gambino het Anthony Anastasio gesien hoe sy mag ingekort word, en in frustrasie het hy kort voor sy dood in 1963 begin om inligting aan die FBI oor te dra. [42] [43]

Genovese het 'n kort bewind as gesinsbaas gehad. In 1957, na die rampspoedige Apalachiese ontmoeting van Genovese, het Lansky, Luciano, Costello en Gambino saamgesweer om Genovese met 'n verdowingsveroordeling vas te trek en 'n dwelmhandelaar om te koop om te getuig dat hy persoonlik saam met Genovese gewerk het. [44] Op 7 Julie 1958 is Genovese aangekla op aanklag van verdowingshandel. [45] Op 17 April 1959 is Genovese tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis. [46]

Anastasia se begrafnisdiens is gehou by 'n begrafnisonderneming in Brooklyn wat die Rooms -Katolieke bisdom Brooklyn geweier het om 'n kerkbegrafnis te straf. Anastasia is begrawe in die Green-Wood Cemetery in Greenwood Heights, Brooklyn, bygewoon deur 'n handjievol vriende en familie. [47]

Populêre kultuur [wysig] Na die moord op Anastasia is die kapperstoele in die Park Sheraton Hotel herposisioneer om van die spieël af te kyk. Die Anastasia -stoel is later vir $ 7 000 opgeveil. In Februarie 2012 word die stoel 'n uitstalling in die Mob Museum in Las Vegas. [48] Die film Inside the Mafia uit 1959 begin met die moord op Anastasia. Daar is verwys na die moord op Anastasia, sowel as die 1957 Apalachin Meeting in die 1999 -rolprent Analyze This, met Robert De Niro en Billy Crystal. [49] Die fiktiewe karakter Johnny Friendly (vertolk deur Lee J. Cobb) in die klassieke 1954 Amerikaanse film On the Waterfront was gedeeltelik gebaseer op Anastasia. [50] Mayra Montero se roman Son de Almendra (Engelse titel: Dancing to & quotAlmendra & quot) is gebaseer op die moord op Anastasia. [51] In The Day of The Jackal, 'n roman van Frederick Forsyth uit 1973, beskou 'n speurder Marco Vitellino, 'n fiktiewe lyfwag wat tydens die sluipmoord van Anastasia afwesig was as een van verskeie verdagtes wat 'n sluipmoordenaar kon wees wat die Franse president Charles de Gaulle vermoor het. Die lyfwag word uitgesluit omdat hy nie by die beskrywing van die sluipmoordenaar pas nie. Die TV -reeks M*A*S*H het ten minste twee verwysings na Anastasia se dood, anachronisties, aangesien die Koreaanse oorlog reeds vier jaar verby was toe Anastasia vermoor is. Seisoen 4, episode 12 & quot; Soldaat van die maand, & quot; Hawkeye Pierce verwys sarkasties na 'n slaapende soldaat as "Albert Anastasia se deurwagter." en ontdek dat dit 'n leë stoel is, en sê: 'quot, Albert Anastasia se lyfwag. Clemente se dood was gebaseer op 'n kombinasie van die moord op Anastasia sowel as die poging tot moord op Adolf Hitler by die Wolf's Den. In die TV -reeks The West Wing Season 4, Episode 11 "Holy Night", besoek Jules Ziegler, die vervreemde vader van Toby Ziegler, kommunikasie -direkteur van die Withuis, Toby in die Withuis. Na 'n navraag van die departement van justisie, vra Toby sy pa, 'n voormalige lid van Murder, Inc. toe Albert Anastasia vermoor is. Jules antwoord, "Oktober 1957", en sê later vir sy seun: "Jy behoort te weet wanneer Anastasia vermoor is." Toby, nog steeds kwaad vir sy pa omdat hy betrokke was by georganiseerde misdaad, terugvoer, "Ek weet toe Anastasia vermoor is!" In 'n episode van Die Sopranos, baasbaas Junior Soprano, sê aan sy neef Tony Soprano dat hy wens dat die probleme op 'n vriendelike manier opgelos is soos in die 1950's toe dit vreedsaam was. Tony antwoord dat hy onthou dat hy die prentjie van Anastasia vriendelik in 'n plas bloed op die kappersvloer gesien het. Italiaanse fliek van 1973 met Alberto Sordi: My Brother Anastasia. Anastasia word deur Gianni Russo vertolk in die film Lepke uit 1975, met Tony Curtis in die hoofrol. 'N Fiktiewe terugbetaling vir die moord op Anastasia word beskryf in' Voor die speel ', die proloog van The Shining. In die na-oorlogse era was die fiktiewe Overlook Hotel 'n gewilde ontmoetingsplek en neutrale grond vir figure van georganiseerde misdaad. Die teiken was 'n kragtige skare wat bewaak is deur twee gewapende mans wat hy uit New York geleen het. Drie slagmanne met haelgewere het die lyfwagte uitgehaal. Hulle het toe die teiken in sy kamer neergeskiet en toe sy lyk gekastreer as bewys dat hulle hom vermoor het. [52] Anastasia se moord word genoem in Harold Robbins se boek, The Raiders (1995). Alhoewel die treffer in die boek uitgevoer word deur 'n verduisterde sluipmoordenaar wat slegs onder die skuilnaam Malditesta bekend is (Italiaans vir 'n baie pynlike hoofpyn). Die MMG -rapper Rick Ross het sy 2010 -mengsel, 'The Albert Anastasia EP', getiteld


DAG HET DIE DON GEKLIP

Vandag vyftig jaar gelede is Albert Anastasia, die meedoënloosste moordenaar in die geskiedenis van die maffia, deur twee knoppiesmanne na die groot Sitdown in the Sky gestuur terwyl hy in 'n kapperstoel in 'n Midtown -hotel sit.

Anastasia (53) was die “Lord High Executioner ” van Murder Inc., die skare se handhawingsarm. Hy het 'n bont bemanning van kontrakmoordenaars in diens geneem om tientalle wat onder die wêreld beland het, te skiet, te steek, te wurg, te yspluk of te garroteer.

Murder Inc. is gekoppel aan 63 moorde, en Anastasia, 'n praktiese bendebestuurder, het vermoedelik 30 daarvan persoonlik uitgevoer.

Hy hou die Groot Appel in vrees.

Hy ontmoet sy koue einde die oggend van 25 Oktober 1957 op 'n stoel in die lobby -kapperswinkel van die Park Sheraton Hotel, nou die Park Central, in Sewende Laan tussen West 55th en 56th Street.

Twee gewapende mans het by die kapperswinkel ingestap, wat nou 'n Starbucks is en begin skiet. Anastasia het in 'n hoop ineengestort. Hy was dood.

Tony Karasis (80), wat sedert Julie 1947 as kelner by die hotel gewerk het, onthou dat hy 'n groot oproer gehoor het en dat mense begin skree het.

Ons was almal bang, ” het hy gesê.

Die polisie het my vrae gevra en ek het gesê: 'Ek praat nie Engels nie,' voeg hy by met 'n laggie.

Karasis werk toe in die voormalige Meerminekamer, agter die hotel se resepsie. Baie skare het die gewrig gereeld besoek.

Ek het vroeër daardie ouens bedien. Dit was groot kippers, en#8221 het hy gesê.

Die kliënte was ook Jackie Gleason, wat 'n suite in die hotel onderhou het, en Gleason's drinkmaat, Tom Carvel. Hy het ook sterre soos Frank Sinatra bedien.

Anastasia, ook bekend as die “Mad Hatter, ” is gebore Umberto Anastasio op 26 September 1902 in die Italiaanse vissersdorpie Tropea.

As tiener het hy ongeveer 1920 op die stoomboot gewerk en op die skip gespring om sy brood op die dokke in Brooklyn te verdien.

Hy begin as stoorkamer en kombineer ambisie, hebsug en 'n wonderlike vermoë om geweld te bewerkstellig oor die vakbond van die langboer en kry groot wins uit sakelui wat arbeidsvrede soek.

Getuies van sy wandade was vermis, dood of met ernstige herinneringe.

In November 1941, as he was about to testify against Anastasia, Murder Inc. assassin Abe “Kid Twist” Reles – whose loose lips had already sent many men to a date with death at Sing Sing – mysteriously plummeted to his demise from Coney Island’s Half Moon Hotel.

And in March 1951, Arnold Schuster, a 24-year-old Brooklyn clothing salesman who helped cops capture bank robber Willie Sutton, was shot dead.

“I hate squealers! Hit that guy!” Anastasia reportedly told an underling.

On the morning of his death, Anastasia left his home in Fort Lee, N.J., then strode into Arthur Grasso’s barber shop for a shave and haircut.

With his bodyguard-chauffeur, Anthony Coppola, 49, conspicuous by his absence, Anastasia was chatting with Grasso in chair No. 4 as barber Joseph Bocchino cut his hair.

That was when the two hoods began firing.

One bullet lodged in the left side of his brain, while another penetrated his kidney, lung and spleen.

The man who had avoided the electric chair died in the barber’s chair.

At his funeral, he was mourned most noticeably by his heartbroken widow, Elsa, who sobbed convulsively before nearly collapsing. He was buried in a $900 casket at Brooklyn’s Green-Wood Cemetery.

There are myriad theories about why he was hit.

They range from him becoming a possible FBI informant, to having lobbied for a larger share of the mob’s gambling empire in Cuba, to becoming a target in a power grab by mob rivals Vito Genovese, Carlo Gambino or both.


This Week in Crime History


Umberto Anastasio was born on February 26, 1902 in Tropea, Calabria, Italy. He later changed his name to Albert Anastasia. He was often referred to as "Mad Hatter" and "Lord High Executioner." Around the age of 15, Anastasia illegally entered the United States. He became a naturalized citizen in 1943 while serving in the United States Army. In 1920, Anastasia was working as a longshoreman in New York and got into an argument over ship assignments with a fellow longshoreman named Joe Torino. Anastasia stabbed and strangled Torino to death. Anastasia was convicted and sentenced to death but after spending only 18 months at Sing Sing prison, his conviction was overturned. The four most important witnesses against him for his re-trial all ended up missing, while other witnesses changed their testimony. Albert Anastasia allegedly controlled racket businesses and ran strong arm activities on the New York City waterfront and was a strike buster. He rose to a position of power in the International Longshoremen's Association.

In 1928, conflicts between mob leaders led to the Castellammarese War. In 1930, Lucky Luciano went to Anastasia with a plan that would put Luciano on top of the east coast crime world. Luciano would kill mob bosses Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano. On April 15, 1931, Luciano invited Masseria to a sit-down at Nuova Villa Tammaro, a Coney Island restaurant. After Luciano excused himself to the bathroom, Anastasia, Meyer Lansky, and Bugsy Siegel entered the restaurant and killed Masseria. A few months later, men disguised as Treasury Department agents entered Salvatore Maranzano's office, disarmed his body guards and killed Maranzano.

At the end of the Castellammarese War, a more peaceful existence between the crime bosses was sought. Luciano co-founded a crime cooperative that became known as the National Crime Syndicate, or the "Commission," made up of major crime bosses from across the country and the Five Families of New York. The Syndicate divided and regulated the illicit markets. Each gang in the syndicate had its own franchise, such as gambling, drugs, or prostitution. One section of the Syndicate enforced the Syndicate's business and performed murders for hire and was known as "Murder, Inc." For decades the FBI denied the existence of such an organization as the "Syndicate." Anastasia was a leading figure in the Brooklyn, New York based "Murder, Incorporated". Luciano gave this authority to Anastasia as a reward for his assistance during the Castellammarese War. Murder, Incorporated also featured the talents of labor racketeer Louis "Lepke" Buchalter. Murder, Incorporated operated out of a candy store called Midnight Rose's, in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn. At the time, Anastasia carried a business card saying he was a "sales representative" for the Convertible Mattress Corporation in Brooklyn. Crime researchers believe Murder Inc. was responsible for between 400 and 800 murders.

Murder Inc. dissolved in the 1940's, after hit man Abe Reles was arrested. Reles cooperated with the legal authorities to receive immunity instead of the electric hair. The information he gave facilitated the conviction of several Murder Incorporated's hit men, including Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, who died in Sing Sing's electric chair. It is believed that Anastasia put out a $100,000 contract on Reles. On November 12, 1941, while in the protection of six police officers, Reles mysteriously fell to his death from a window of the Half Moon Hotel in Coney Island.

After Luciano went to prison on a pandering conviction, it is believed that Anastasia carried out a plan to get him released from prison, seeking to win him a pardon for assistance in the war effort. Anastasia sought to create havoc on the New York waterfront to disrupt the U.S. Navy's activities. Anastasia convinced the Navy that Luciano could see that things would be in order on the Waterfront. Anastasia lobbied that Luciano's contacts in Sicily could help with advance work for an anticipated U.S. invasion of Italy. A deal was worked-out that in exchange for his cooperation, Luciano would receive favored treatment while in prison and would receive parole after the war. After the war, Luciano was deported to Italy.

Vincent Mangano, the boss of the Mangano crime family, later known as the Gambino family, had a long running feud with Anastasia. In 1951, after Vincent Mangano went missing, and his brother Phil Mangano was murdered, Anastasia claimed control of the Mangano Family. At a meeting of the "Commission," Frank Costello backed Anastasia's claim that Mangano was out to kill him, and that Anastasia was acting in self-defense. The Commission bosses accepted Anastasia's claim to the role of boss.

Albert Anastasia detractors were concerned about whether he was killing too many people. In 1952, a 24-year-old Brooklyn clothes store salesman, Arnold Schuster, saw fugitive bank robber Willie Sutton on a subway car. He contacted the police and Sutton was apprehended. Schuster was interviewed on TV. After seeing this, Anastasia is believed to have ordered Schuster's death. One month later Schuster was found shot to death. Over the next ten years the crime was one of the most investigated murders in the history of the New York Police Department. However, the case was never solved. The murder of an outsider on non-mob business increased opposition to Anastasia from mob leaders such as Vito Genovese. Genovese sought to move support away from Anastasia. Genovese would eventually successfully move Anastasia's underboss, Carlo Gambino, to his side.

Albert Anastasia faced a deportation hearing in 1953 due to his criminal activity. In the mid 1950's Anastasia was facing an income tax evasion prosecution. The first trial ended in a hung jury. There was to be a second trial in 1955. Anastasia associate, Vincent Macri, was found shot to death, his body in the trunk of a car in the Bronx. A few days later, Macri's brother went missing and was never again seen. The key witness in the case was a Fort Lee, New Jersey, plumber named Charles Ferri. A month before the trail, Ferri and his wife went missing, leaving behind a blood splattered retirement house in Miami, Florida. At trial, Anastasia took a pleas bargain and was sentenced to one year in prison.

Meyer Lansky supported Anastasia because he did not want to see Genovese gain more power. When Anastasia put heat on Lansky for a larger contribution from Lansky's gambling operations, Lansky gave his support to Genovese. On October 25, 1957, Albert Anastasia was killed by masked gunmen while sitting in a barber's chair at the Hotel Park Sheraton located at 7th Avenue and 55th Street in New York City. It is ironic that 35 years earlier he escaped the electric chair, and his life would end when he was fatally wounded in a barber's chair. The murder of Albert Anastasia was the inspiration for the scene in the 1972 Francis Ford Coppola movie "The Godfather," adapted from the Mario Puzo novel, where Moe Green, a Las Vegas casino proprietor, is gunned down on a massage table by two masked hit men.


Albert Anastasia – The Original Murder Inc. Part II

Spring 1942 Anastasia, who was under constant scrutiny from the FBI and local law enforcement secretly ordered the murder of associate Anthony Romeo. Like Reles, Romeo had been arrested and was talking to authorities to implicate Anastasia in several murders. By the end of June, Romeo’s body was found beaten and shot multiple times near Guyencourt Delaware.

With the start of World War II, Anastasia reportedly became the mastermind behind a plan to win Luciano freedom from prison in exchange for supplying the United States government with inside information from his contacts in Sicily. He also suggested he could protect the eastern waterfront from German attack. As a part of the effort, Anastasia joined the United States Army although many speculate he did this to escape criminal investigations, he maintained he was doing his part to secure the borders by training longshoremen on the coast in Pennsylvania. As a reward for his efforts Anastasia was granted citizenship in the United States. He was no longer illegal, and after his honorable discharge from the Army in 1944 moved his family to a mansion in Fort Lee, New Jersey.

Despite working closely with Luciano and Costello, Anastasia was the underboss of the Mangano family. Boss of the family Vincent Mangano resented the relationship Anastasia had with the two men and was particularly upset Luciano and Costello didn’t ask for his permission before requesting Anastasia’s services. This and several other small disputes led to Mangano and Anastasia almost coming to blows several times. In early 1951 Vincent Mangano went missing. Daar is nooit weer van hom gehoor nie. On April 19, 1951 the body of Phillip Mangano, Vincent’s brother was found shot three times floating in a wetland outside of Bergen Beach, Brooklyn. It is widely assumed Anastasia had enough and disposed of the Mangano brothers but no charges were ever filed.

As underboss, and with Mangano out of the picture, Anastasia became the new boss of the Mangano family renaming it the Anastasia family (the future Gambino family). He was a ruthless boss having once killed an informer who had nothing to do with his family just because he “didn’t like stool pigeons”. In a similar situation in March 1952 Anastasia was watching television where a young man from New York Arnold Schuster identified a fugitive bank robber Willie Sutton, resulting in Sutton’s arrest. When Anastasia saw this, he allegedly said: “I can’t stand squealers! Hit that guy!” Days later, gunmen shot Schuster to death on a street in Borough Park, Brooklyn. No one was ever arrested for the slaying.

Around the same time Vito Genovese, a powerful mobster in his own right was vying for the top spot of the Costello family after Luciano was deported. His power was limited as Costello and Anastasia had control of the commission, but after hearing of the slaying of Schuster, Genovese felt he had an opening. To kill Costello, he would need to eliminate Anastasia so he began to paint a picture of Anastasia being unstable, and unpredictable. He spoke about Anastasia bringing about unnecessary attraction to the mafia during a time where the FBI was looking for anything to bring about indictments. He soon had the ear of Anastasia capo Carlo Gambino, and Luciano friend Meyer Lansky who was growing more upset with Anastasia for muscling in on his Cuba casino operations.

Soon after gaining support from other top mobsters, Genovese went to the commission and accused Anastasia of selling memberships to his family. This was a huge accusation that the commission took seriously. In an effort to drive a wedge between Costello and Anastasia, Genovese also claimed Anastasia was plotting against Costello. With their relationship in question, Genovese felt comfortable moving against Costello. On May 2, 1957 gunmen, later identified as Vincent ‘The Chin” Gigante shot and wounded Costello outside his apartment building. The near death experience convinced Costello life was more important. He stepped in front of the commission and retired giving Genovese control of the family.

Genovese wasn’t finished with his rise to the top of the commission. To make Anastasia appear more unstable, Genovese spread the word that Anastasia hired The Chin to shoot and miss Costello. Of course it was Genovese who hired Gigante, Costello believed the ruse and gave his approval for Genovese to move against Anastasia.

In the end, Anastasia’s own routine gave Genovese gunmen the opportunity to end his reign. On the morning of October 25, 1957 Anastasia entered the Park Sheraton Hotel barber. Joe Bocchino, who had been shaving and cutting Anastasia’s hair for years, draped a candy striped barber’s cloth over Anastasia and began cutting his hair. A manicurists sat next to the chair and worked on the bosses fingernails. A shoeshine boy began polishing Anastasia’s brown shoes. It was the same time and same service Anastasia had every other day for years.

Shortly after 10:15 a.m. with Anastasia dozing in the chair, his eyesclosed, two men quietly walked into the barber shop. They drew their .38 caliber pistols and waved the men and boy away from Anastasia’s chair. As they scattered Anastasia opened his eyes and lifted his hand in a defense as both men open fired. According to reports Anastasia let out a roar and leaped from the chair reaching for the two gunmen. He spun around after being hit in the hand, wrist, and hip. A bullet then ripped into his back causing him to fall to the floor at the base of the barbers chair. One of the gunmen is said to have calmly walked up to Anastasia, and fired the fatal round to the back of his head. Both gunmen disappeared as quickly as they appeared and although they were never apprehended, the gangland consensus is it was brothers Larry and Joe Gallo who committed the murder after being contracted by Don Vito Genovese. With Anastasia dead, capo, Carlo Gambino was awarded the Anastasia family from the commission with Genovese sitting firmly in control.


The Death of Albert Anastasia

Everyone remembers the frightening mafia boss Albert Anastasia. His name is synonymous with murder itself. He was the most trigger happy man to ever become a major crime family boss. In his case, he’d killed his way to the top, literally.. He also co-ran a virtual 24/7 killing unit named Murder Incorporated.

Albert “The Lord High Executioner” or if you prefer “The Mad Hatter” Anastasia was by far the most feared gangster of the 1920’s – 1950’s.
His death scene in that barber shop gave us one of the most iconic mafia pictures ever taken. He had run afoul of the commission for the last time. The major reason for his assassination was because they all feared he would kill them too.

It was Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese that were the two main conspirators. It was with the support of those two men that the other members found the courage to get behind such a dangerous task. Even Meyer Lansky was involved. To get the job done, they gave the contract to two young Colombo soldiers, “Crazy Joe” Gallo and Carmine Persico.

Mangano and Schuster Infractions

Long after Anastasia escaped the wreckage of Murder Incs’ downfall, he was still ascending in his position in the New York mafia. He was the underboss of the Mangano Crime Family and remained one of the most powerful and feared members of the commission throughout the 1940’s. It was in 1951 that Albert decided he didn’t want to be second in charge anymore.

Vincent Mangano

That year, his boss Vincent Mangano went missing never to be found again. His brother and family consigliere Phillip Mangano’s dead body was found shortly after Vincent went missing, he had three bullets in his head.

Albert was now the boss of his very own Anastasia Crime Family. He had a powerful young team with guys like Carlo Gambino and new underboss Frank Scalise that could win a war with any other family if need be. Anastasia claimed self defense to his fellow commission members regarding Mangano. He had strong backing from Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello and Joe Bonanno.

Despite the disrespect shown toward mafia code, no one was going to dare go after Albert at this time. The murder made all of the bosses wonder just who would be next. In early 1952, Anastasia would order a murder that brought tons of bad publicity for the mafia.

Arnold Schuster was not a mobster, he was a 24 year old clothing salesman from Brooklyn who turned in famous bank robber Willie Sutton. Albert reportedly flew into a rage when he watched Schuster on television being hailed as a hero. Famous mob witness Joe Valachi would implicate Anastasia in the killing years later.

Schuster was shot in both eyes and killed in the street. The other bosses were furious and the public was outraged. Nothing would happen for a few more years, but this was indeed the last straw. Luciano was deported to Italy and slowly losing influence, leaving Albert potentially vulnerable.

Factions Within the Commission

After these two incidents, some other mob bosses finally started expressing an interest in the removal of Albert Anastasia. His most vocal critic and biggest threat was Vito Genovese. Vito was working his way up the ranks of the Luciano Crime Family and planned to one day take the top spot from Albert’s friend Frank Costello. In the early 1950’s, Vito simply didn’t have the clout yet to get backing on the move but he was biding his time.

Another problem for Albert was the other mob bosses who wouldn’t go public but were quietly ready to see his demise. Carlo Gambino was one of these men. Gambino did not approve of the brazen public violence and notoriety. He felt that for the mafia to prosper, they must operate in the shadows. Carlo was incredibly intelligent and coyly ambitious, he also knew that an outright war with Anastasia was not the way to go.

Gambino was underboss at this time and right on the brink of his meteoric rise. Gambino and Genovese soon quietly joined forces and began to plot the demise of Anastasia and Costello. The addition of Meyer Lansky emboldened them. Anastasia had been trying to move in on Lansky’s Cuban rackets and it was a bad move. This now shifted the balance far in Genovese’s favor.

Albert would go to prison for tax evasion in 1955, which put a temporary hold on the plans to kill him. While in prison, the American government tried to deport him, but were not successful. Vito and company were biding their time and had no intentions of abandoning their plan to kill Anastasia.

1957: A Year of Bloodshed

By early 1957, Albert was back on the streets and the two factions were about to finally collide. Vito Genovese decided to move on Costello first, who was shot by a young Vincent “The Chin” Gigante in May. Costello survived the head shot and wisely stepped aside. Vito was now the boss of the family, which would now forever be known as the Genovese Crime Family.

Joe Bonanno, although firmly on the Genovese side, lobbied unsuccessfully for peace. Vito had waited over 20 years to take back the reigns of power. He knew there was no way he could let Anastasia live because the Lord High Executioner would most certainly be coming for revenge soon. In June, Anastasia would make another tactical blunder by having his underboss Frank Scalise killed.

Supposedly Scalise had sold memberships into the family which was a legitimate reason for the hit. Still, the timing was horrible as this removed another layer of protection for Anastasia. He would take it a step further by killing Scalise’s brother as well. It’s possible Anastasia was so wrapped up in this situation that he may not have realized how close Genovese was to making his move.

Anastasia’s choice to replace Scalise as underboss was none other than Carlo Gambino. It’s a real testament to how clever Gambino was that he was able to get the job promotion while secretly conspiring to have his boss killed. Even early on, he was showing some of that brilliance that would eventually make him one of the most successful mobsters of all time.

Surprisingly, during this time Albert was actually moving in on his old friend Meyer Lansky’s gambling empire in Cuba. Meyer, who was the most powerful Jewish mob boss in history and a member of Luciano’s Syndicate got on board with the Genovese/Gambino plot. With the layers of protection peeled back, the former Murder Inc. bosses’ days were numbered.

Who Were the Shooters?

On the morning of October 25,1957, Anastasia was enjoying a shave in a barber shop inside the Park Sheraton Hotel in Manhattan. Suddenly two masked man charged in and began firing away. Ever the tough guy, Albert’s last move was lunging at the shooters before crumpling to the floor dead in a hail of bullets. Genovese got his man and Gambino would now be the boss of what would become the Gambino Crime Family.

This classic was written by prosecutor Burton Turkus Murder Inc. The Inside Story Of The Syndicate Killing Machine Available on Amazon

Obviously, Gambino and Genovese were not the actual shooters. The job was contracted out to a couple deadly young Profaci soldiers, “Crazy Joe” Gallo and Carmine “The Snake” Persico. Their boss Joe Profaci had joined the Genovese/Gambino/Lansky alliance and offered up his two killers to take out Anastasia. They jumped at the chance and both men would see this as their golden opportunity to rise in their own positions in the Profaci Crime Family.

Crazy Joe was uncontrollable and went on to form his own renegade faction, going to war with Profaci. He went to prison for extortion for 10 years and in that time Joe Colombo had taken over the family. Gallo and Persico now found themselves in rival factions. Gallo had Colombo shot in 1971. In April 1972, Gallo himself was shot and killed at Umberto’s Clam House in Little Italy. In a twist of irony, Albert Anastasia’s real first name was Umberto.

Things worked out better for Carmine Persico than Gallo. He had continued rising through what as now the Colombo Crime Family through the 1960’s as a capo. He took over the family entirely after the Colombo shooting. These and other incidents is why Carmine got his well deserved nickname, “The Snake”. It was Persico’s men who killed Joe Gallo in 1972. Persico is still the boss of the Colombo family at 85 years old, even though he’s been in prison for 31 years.


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