Engelse damesvoetbalbond

Engelse damesvoetbalbond


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In 1966 wen Engeland die Wêreldbeker. Hierdie byeenkoms herleef die belangstelling in die spel en 'n groeiende aantal vroue het sokker begin speel. Die Women's Football Association (WFA) is in November 1969 gestig deur David Marlowe en Arthur Hobbs. Aanvanklik het die WFA 44 lidklubs gehad. In Julie 1971 het die voetbalvereniging ingestem om die verbod op te hef wat vroue verbied om op die terrein van aangeslote klubs te speel.

Die WFA het 'n bekerkompetisie vir vroue gestig in 1971. In die eerste eindstryd het Southampton Stewarton en Thistle met 4-1 geklop.

Dick Kerr Ladies het Engeland vir baie jare teen buitelandse partye verteenwoordig. Die eerste amptelike vroue-internasionale in Brittanje het in November 1972 op Greenock plaasgevind. Engeland het Skotland met 3-2 verslaan.

In 1983 is die WFA verbonde aan die Football Association. Alhoewel die FA -vrouekomitee deur 'n man gelei is, was alle ander belangrike poste deur vroue beklee. Vroue is ook aangestel om die nasionale spanne van Engeland (Hope Powell) en Skotland (Vera Pauw) af te rig.

Die Engelse span het die eindronde van die eerste UEFA -vrouetoernooi in 1984 gehaal en in 1985 die eerste "Mini World Cup" -kompetisie gewen.

Vroue se voetbal groei steeds in gewildheid. In September 1991 stig die WFA 'n nasionale liga met 24 klubs. Die aantal vrouespanne wat in Brittanje speel, het toegeneem van ongeveer 500 in 1993 tot ongeveer 4 500 in 2000. Daar is ook meer as 6 500 vroue -afrigters in Brittanje. In 2002 het die voetbalvereniging syfers gepubliseer om aan te dui dat sokker die beste sport vir meisies en vroue in Brittanje geword het.


Jy sal ook dalk hiervan hou

Wêreldbeker-kwarteindronde vir vroue: 5 podcasts vir u koorsbehoeftes

Wanneer het vroue die eerste keer sokker gespeel?

Die eerste aangetekende damesvoetbalwedstryd in die Verenigde Koninkryk was in 1895, waar die Noorde die Suide met 7-1 verslaan het, maar eers in die Eerste Wêreldoorlog het vrouesokker baie gewild geword.

Vroeër is vroue ontmoedig om die sport te beoefen, maar tydens die oorlogstyd het fabriekseienaars besluit dat dit 'n goeie moreel vir werkende vroue sou wees, en dit sou die produksie verhoog. En so is vrouesokker aangemoedig.

Dick, Kerr Ladies F.C. is in Preston gestig as 'n werkspan vir die onderneming Dick, Kerr & Co, wat ammunisie vir die oorlog vervaardig het. Tydens hul middagete het die vroue buite voetbal gespeel en nadat hulle die mans wat ook by die fabriek gewerk het, geklop het, het hulle besluit om 'n span te vorm.

Die span het 'n groot skare getrek en tydens liefdadigheidsaktiwiteite gespeel om geld in te samel vir beseerde soldate tydens en na die oorlog.

Teen 1920 was daar ongeveer 150 Engelse voetbalspanne. Onder hulle was die Bolkclow, Vaughn & Co -span van Middlesbrough, vernoem na die fabriek waarin hulle gewerk het, en Blyth Spartans Ladies.

Dieselfde jaar Dick, Kerr Ladies F.C. het op die eerste vrouekampioenskap teen 'n span Franse spelers gespeel en hulle met 2-0 geklop voor 'n skare van 25 000. En op Boxing Day daardie jaar het die span 'n skare van 53 000 getrek, met nog duisende buitekant wat St Helen's -dames op Everton Goodison Park Ground gespeel het, en dit het die hoogste bywoning van Everton -mans die jaar van 39 400 geklop.

Maar alles moes nie lank rooskleurig bly nie ...

Waarom het die FA vrouesokker verbied?

Die FA het vrouesokker geduld tydens die oorlog, toe mans weg was en geld nodig was vir soldate. Maar toe die Eerste Wêreldoorlog eindig en die skare vir vrouesokkerwedstryde vol bly, was die FA bang dat die bywoning van die Football League sou ly. Op 5 Desember 1921 het die voetbalvereniging vroue verbied om op FA-aangeslote terreine voetbal te speel.

Die organisasie het gesê: "Die voetbalwedstryd is baie ongeskik vir vroue en behoort nie aangemoedig te word nie."

Dit het ondersteuning gevind van dokters wat gesê het dat voetbal speel vroue 'n ernstige fisieke risiko inhou. Football League -bestuurders ondersteun ook die besluit en die bewerings van die mediese gemeenskap, met Arsenal -baas Leslie Knighton wat sê: 'Enigiemand wat kennis dra van die beserings wat voetbalspelers opgedoen het, kon nie anders as om te dink - kyk na die meisies wat speel - dat hulle Soortgelyke knoppe en buffings sal hul toekomstige pligte as moeders ernstig benadeel. ”


Geskiedenis van die FA Cup -eindstryd vir vroue

Die eerste Women's & rsquos FA Cup-kompetisie, bekend as & lsquoThe Women & rsquos Football Association Mitre Challenge Trophy & rsquo, het in die 1970-71-seisoen plaasgevind onder die vaandel van die nuut gestopte Women & rsquos FA.

Die 71 deelnemers is in agt geografiese groepe geplaas en hulle het selfs 'n paar spanne uit Skotland en Wallis ingesluit. Southampton het die Skotse span Stewarton met 4-1 geklop in 'n eindstryd wat in die Crystal Palace National Recreation Centre in Londen gespeel is.

Sedert die FA in 1993 die direkte beheer oor die Engelse voetbalvoetbal oorgeneem het, het die semi-professionele spanne verbonde aan die manlike Premier League en Football League die kompetisie oorheers. Vir die eerste keer, in 1993-94, was daar 147 spanne en Doncaster Belles het Knowsley United met 1-0 in die eindstryd op Scunthorpe United en rsquos Glanford Park geklop.

Arsenal het die kompetisie 14 keer gewen, die laaste keer in 2016 toe die doel van Danielle Carter en rsquos hulle die oorwinning oor die Londense teenstanders Chelsea op Wembley, die laaste plek sedert 2015, besorg het.

Maar die Blues het twee jaar later wraak geneem, want Ramona Bachmann het twee keer gedruk om Emma Hayes en rsquos te help om die beker vir die tweede keer te wen voor 'n rekordskare van 45,423.

Lys van finale uitslae:

2019 Man City 3-0 West Ham
2018 Chelsea 3-1 Arsenal
2017 Man City 4-1 Birmingham City
2016 Arsenal 1-0 Chelsea
2015 Chelsea 1-0 Notts County
2014 Arsenal 2-0 Everton
2013 Arsenal 3-0 Bristol Academy
2012 Birmingham City 2-2 Chelsea aet (Birmingham wen 3-2 met strafskoppe)
2011 Arsenal 2-0 Bristol Academy
2010 Everton 3-2 Arsenal e
2009 Arsenal 2-1 Sunderland
2008 Arsenal 4-1 Leeds United
2007 Arsenal 4-1 Charlton Athletic
2006 Arsenal 5-0 Leeds United
2005 Charlton Athletic 1-0 Everton
2004 Arsenal 3-0 Charlton Athletic
2003 Fulham 3-0 Charlton Athletic
2002 Fulham 2-1 Doncaster Belles
2001 Arsenal 1-0 Fulham
2000 Croydon 2-1 Doncaster Belles
1999 Arsenal 2-0 Southampton Saints
1998 Arsenal 3-2 Croydon
1997 Millwall Lionesses 1-0 Wembley
1996 Croydon 1-1 Liverpool nog (Croydon wen met 3-2 met strafdoele)
1995 Arsenal 3-2 Liverpool
1994 Doncaster Belles 1-0 Knowsley United
1993 Arsenal 3-0 Doncaster Belles
1992 Doncaster Belles 4-0 Red Star Southampton
1991 Millwall Lionesses 1-0 Doncaster Belles
1990 Doncaster Belles 1-0 Friends of Fulham
1989 Leasowe Pacific 3-2 Vriende van Fulham
1988 Doncaster Belles 3-1 Leasowe Pacific
1987 Doncaster Belles 2-0 St Helens
1986 Norwich 4-3 Doncaster Belles
1985 Vriende van Fulham 2-0 Doncaster Belles
1984 Howbury Grange 4-2 Doncaster Belles
1983 Doncaster Belles 3-2 St Helens
1982 Lowestoft 2-0 Cleveland Spartane
1981 Southampton 4-2 St Helens
1980 St Helens 1-0 Preston North End
1979 Southampton 1-0 Lowestoft
1978 Southampton 8-2 QPR
1977 QPR 1-0 Southampton
1976 Southampton 2-1 QPR aet
1975 Southampton 4-2 Warminster
1974 Fodens 2-1 Southampton
1973 Southampton 2-0 Westhorn United
1972 Southampton 3-2 Lee & rsquos Dames
1971 Southampton 4-1 Stewarton & Thistle


Die begin

'N Aantal lande beweer dat hulle die bakermat van die Gaelic Football is. Daar is 'n voorstel dat 'n gemeenteliga in 1926 in Corraclare County Clare georganiseer is deur Tom Garry van Clonreddin. Dit het 'n paar jaar geduur, maar het geleidelik verdwyn.

Dit lyk asof die 60's die eerste werklike bewys lewer van hierdie 'nuwe rage', soos dit destyds genoem is. Vir jare het die vroue van Ierland, soos die meeste lande, 'n halwe tree agter die manne gestaan. Die Gaelic Athletic Association het oor tagtig jaar gegroei en floreer.

Van 'n paar duisend toeskouers aan die begin van die vorige eeu tot gereelde bywoning van 70,000 plus was 'n groot verbetering. Ten minste een derde van hierdie toeskouers was vroue. Die 60's was oral 'n dekade van verandering. Die stad Liverpool het 'n groep genaamd die Beatles losgelaat, en die wêreld sou nooit weer dieselfde wees nie. Krete van bevryding vir vroue het die planke gevee. Die eerlike seksinhoud was nie meer vanselfsprekend nie.

In elke faset van die lewe het hulle in die kollig begin tree, nie meer tevrede met huishoudelike take nie. Die loopbaanvrou is gebore. Sport was 'n duidelike uitlaatklep. Atletiek is goed en werklik verower, camogie is ook gevestig, tesame met vroulike deelname aan tennis, pluimbal en hokkie, ens. Maar vroue wat Gaeliese voetbal speel - dit was een wat verseker die wenkbroue laat lig.

Gaelic Football is in alle opsigte as 'n manspel beskou. 'N moeilike fisieke sport wat ver bo die vermoëns van dames gelyk het. Vroue se deelname word beskou as die toeskouersrol, wat hul helde juig (nie te hard nie). Gaelic Games het 'n monopolie geniet. Byna elke huishouding het direkte betrokkenheid gehad, hetsy as speler, amptenaar of toeskouer. Gevolglik was dit 'n daaglikse onderwerp op die lippe van die meeste mense.

Dit was miskien onvermydelik dat vroue na die speelveld sou gaan, Carvinals en feeste was op hul hoogtepunt. Organisasies was op die uitkyk na nuwe idees om geld in te samel. Damesvoetbal het in hierdie kategorie geval. In klein sakke regoor die land, soos Clonmel en Ballycommon, in Offaly, is speletjies gereël. Dit was die Ierland van die tradisionele kruispad, jongmense wat op soek was na iets om te doen, geld was skaars, ontspanning moes goedkoop kom. Een so 'n plek was die kruispad Killmurray in die distrik Faithful, toe die jeug in die laat 60's op somersaande bymekaargekom het.

Die seuns het die voetbalveld aangrensend aan die Kilmurray-skool binnegedring om die groot dade van die goeie Galway-drie-in-'n-ry-span, of die minderjarige Offaly van '64, na te boots. Die meisies was nie tevrede om eenkant te staan ​​en na die verrigtinge te kyk nie. Die Malones, die Todds, die Walshes en Mary Bridget Boland was van plan om te bewys dat dames, as hulle die kans kry, ewe vaardig sou wees by die "Peil Gaelach" Twee ambisieuse meisies in die groep, Maureen Malone en Mary Bridget Boland, het begin om kompetisie te soek. Die opleiding het begin, die seuns was altyd daar om wenke vir afrigting aan te bied, veral Paddy Ferry. Bekend as Ballycommon, waag hulle aan sewe-aan-'n-kant toernooie en plaas hul vaardighede teen Lorra en Redwood (Tipperary) en St. Lomans van Westmeath.

Die bekende Tullamore -persoonlikheid, Michael Noel Byrne, tans ontwikkelingsbeampte by die Offaly GAA -boord, het sy rol gespeel in die organisering van 'n toernooi waarin Ballycommon die Marian Hostel Tullamore in die eindstryd verslaan het. Die geskiedkundige span het soos volg uiteengesit - Geraldine Todd (doelwagter), Mary B Boland, Ann Malone, Mary Todd, Maureen Malone, Annette en May Walsh. Die woord het versprei na Kilcormac en die Ballycommon -Kilcormac -botsings wat gevolg het, het groot opgewondenheid veroorsaak. Daar was drie Buckleys en drie Malones in direkte opposisie en in die woorde van Maureen Malone "was daar vroeër moord, maar ons sou later by 'n dans in die markie vergader en dit sou alles vergeet word".

Spelers het slegs 'n wedstryd nodig gehad, en Rene Brennan, Martina Conroy. Essie Walsh, Evelyn Malone, Frances Mc Donald, Tara Mc Donald, Teresa Maher. Sal goeie herinneringe hê aan talle reise in die grys volkswagen van Tom Malones en die Cortina van Paddy Feery.

Seamus Aheame van die komitee van die Dungarvan -galafees het in Junie 1968 'n toernooi gereël en 'n groot bywoning behaal, en die volgende somer het die Clonmel -nasionalis 'n kennisgewing van 'n Ladies Gaelic Football -wedstryd op die laaste Julie gehou. nuwe aantrekkingskrag op die Clonmel Sportsfield vanaand (Donderdag) om 20:30

'N Damesvoetbalwedstryd tussen die personeel van Clonmel Post Office en die County Council kantoor is gereël, toegang is 1/- en die opbrengs gaan aan die Biafra Relief Fund.

Die standaard om die van die Kerry -manspan te benader, sal op meer as een manier 'n aantrekkingskrag wees. Daar moet goeie vermaak verskaf word en die publiek word versoek om 'n baie waardige doel te ondersteun. "

Waarskynlik uit blote nuuskierigheid, saam met die waardige doel, het 'n groot skare opgedaag na 'n wedstryd wat die poskantoor gewen het. 'N Week later berig die koerant 'n hoë standaard, maar dit was moeilik om 'n telling te kry.

Die interpretasie van die reëls het probleme veroorsaak, en dit was baie bewys gedurende die beginjare. Die reëls vir mans is toegepas en dit het gelei tot 'n paar haarverhogings.

Vir die rekord het die spanne soos volg uiteengesit:

POSKANTOOR: Betty Mc Carthy, Helen O Flynn, Mary O Connor, Pat Hoare, Ann O Meara, Monica Sayers, Eileen Bolger, Ann Nolan, Kathleen Nolan, Eileen Bowes. Ann Sheehan, Bernie Cullen, Joan O Dwyer, Judy Cleere, Breda O Meara (kapt).

SUBS: Ann Ryan, Joan Ryan, Mary Dennehy.

LANDSRAAD: Noelle Dempsey. Aileen Acheson, Maura Dalton, Carmel O Brien, Eileen Ryan, Josephine O Callaghan, Theresa O Regan, Kathleen O Brien, Mary O Dwyer, Pat Lynch, Kitty Connolly, Margaret Dawson. Ann O Connell, Mary O Keefe, Mary Keane.

SUBS: Una Cooke, Joan Mc Carthy.

Die spel het die spelers sowel as die toeskouers se aptyt laat toeneem, en 'n week later het die poskantoor die Carrick-on-Suir-beurs gespeel soos dit destyds was. Clonmel behaal hul tweede oorwinning en die sukses van hierdie twee wedstryde het daartoe gelei dat 'n liga georganiseer is.

Agt spanne van verskillende organisasies het ingeskryf - Burkes Bacon Factory, Clonmel Industries, Showerings, Currans, Schiessers (2 spanne), en die Trail Blazers, die poskantoor en County Council. Die liga is georganiseer deur MI O Shea, Michael O Connell en Pierce Butler, en het homself die Ladies Football Organizing Committee genoem. Skeidsregters vir die toernooi was Jimmy Collins, William Robinson en Tommy Mc Donald Junior.

By die geleentheid het die groot opbrengs gegaan aan die Noordelike Vlugtelinge, wat deur die Rooi Kruis gestuur moet word. Teen die 12de Oktober was dit 'n eindstryd tussen Showerings en die poskantoor, met Jimmy Collins, 'n prominente amptenaar van die St Mary's -klub, as skeidsregter.

Die wedstryd is op 'n camogie -grootte veld gespeel en is gedek deur die nasionalistiese sportverslaggewer "ATLAS" saam met 'n personeelfotograaf. Vooruitgang inderdaad. Daar was 'n groot opbou, die poskantoor het Christy Aylward as bestuurder aangestel by MI O Mahony in beheer van Showerings.

Spelers is toegelaat om die bal direk van die grond af te lig. Alhoewel Showerings in die vroeë stadiums gelei het, was die meer ervare poskantoor oortuigende wenners en hulle is later die aand behoorlik met hul trofeë by 'n funksie in die Ormonde Ballroom Clonmel oorhandig.

Die mens het in 1969 op die maan beland, maar dit moes die hoogste rekening in Clonmel deel met die nuwigheid van Ladies Football. Op daardie spesifieke tydstip was Clonmel 'n bloeiende stad en het baie van sy werksmag put uit omliggende gebiede, soos Ballymacarbry, Newcastle, Ardfinnan en Fethard. Dit was net natuurlik dat die spelers die nuus van hul nuwe tydverdryf na hul eie gemeentes terugbring, en dit is presies wat gebeur het.

Die somer van 1970 het klubs gevorm in Ballymacarbry, Newcastle, Ardfinnan, Kilsheelan en Fethard. Toernooie is gereeld gehou, onder die borge was Clonmel Junior Kamer. 'N Paar verstandige geestelikes het die spel as 'n goeie gemeentevergadering beskou. Die belangstelling was fenomenaal. Die meeste spelers was jong dames wat in aanmerking kom, en dit het die plaaslike "garsuns" meegebring om die bywoning te help swel, tot groot vreugde van die organiseerders. Die Ballymacarbry -klub is amptelik gestig op Dinsdag 7 Julie 1970 met Winnie Hallinan as voorsitter, Peg Kelleher as sekretaris en Noreen Hannigan as tesourier. Die Ardfinnan -fees was 'n gesogte geleentheid vir die plaaslike G.A.A. spanne en toe hulle Ladies Football by die byeenkomslys voeg, was dit 'n groot stap. Agt spanne het deelgeneem en na die gasheerspan en Newcastle teruggesak.

Voor die aanvang van die eindstryd het die spanne agter die Convent Girls Pipe Band van Clogheen gestaan. Newcastle wat deur Tony Rushe opgelei is, het gewen, en die plaaslike kurator, Fr Morrissey, het hul pryse en rokke ontvang.

Klubs moes nog geld insamel vir hul eie individuele behoeftes. Die kerkhekversameling was gewild saam met 'n dans in die plaaslike saal. Daar was hewige plaaslike wedywering langs weerskante van die rivier die Suir, die element van Waterford -Tipperary was 'n faktor, Newcastle en Ardfinnan het altyd alle stop in G.A.A. en die dames was nie anders nie.

Dit het die bywoning en 'n wedstryd tussen Newcastle en Ballymacarbry in 'n N.F.A. geborgde toernooi, het meer as 500 toeskouers na die Mill Field Ballymacarbry gelok. The Nationalist het berig dat beide spanne 'n wonderlike wedstryd gespeel het voordat Eileen Bolger van Newcastle die wendoel geskiet het. Ironies genoeg was Eileen 'n boorling van Ballyrnacarbry en dit het toekomstige wedywering verhoog. Teen hierdie tyd het die spel versprei. Emly het 'n aantal spanne uitgenooi na 'n feestoernooi, waaronder Solohead, Clonmel, Ardfinnan. Twee weke later het dit oor die Limerick -grens versprei na Oola en Pallasgreen. Damesvoetbal het regtig aangebreek.

Die jaar het geëindig met 'n South Tipperary - West Waterford -liga wat op 'n dubbele ronde gespeel is en Newcastle het hul meerderwaardigheid bo die plaaslike span bevestig. So het die eerste jaar van ware mededinging in die streek tot 'n einde gekom en die sade is veilig gesaai. Uiteindelik het die dames in die platteland 'n ontspanningsmiddel gehad wat hulle nie alleen gesonde, aangename oefening gegee het nie, maar dit ook in die openbare oog gehou het. 1971 sou 'n ware toets wees. Die aanvanklike nuwigheid het verdwyn en nou moet die spel op sy eie meriete staan, met die doel om die spelstatus te verbeter, wat 'n byeenkoms in Maart in Clonmel genoem is. 'N South Tipp -wedstrydbord is opgestel om 'n behoorlike liga te organiseer en wedstryde te reël. Teen hierdie tyd het Ballymacarbry en bure Touraneena 'n span gevorm, en binne 'n week het Killrossanty verstandig gedoen. Op Saterdag, 24 Julie 1971, het die Dungarvan Observer die aankondiging gemaak dat 'n damesvoetbalkampioenskap in Waterford afgehandel sal word. Daar is besluit dat alle wedstryde in Leamybrien, 'n klein dorpie sewe kilometer buite Dungarvan op die Waterford -pad, gespeel sal word.

'N Provinsiale raad is ingestel onder voorsitterskap van Fr Percy Ahearn, 'n boorling van Colligan, met Margaret Foley as sekretaris. Twee weke later vind die eerste kampioenskapstryd plaas en Ballymac behaal 'n sege van ses punte oor Killrossanty. Die kampioenskap is deur Muintir Na Tire geborg en op 'n ligabasis gespeel. Kill, Fenor, Stradbally en Abbeyside het ook deelgeneem. Ballyrnacarbry en Killrossanty kwalifiseer vir die eindstryd op 2 September. Ballyrnacarbry het die eerste kampioen geword met 'n marge van twee punte. Intussen het Tipperary ook 'n kampioenskap gereël en twee weke later verras Ardfinnan die gunsteling Newcastle om die eerste Tipperary -titel te verower. Terwyl die klubkompetisie vlot verloop het, het die idee van 'n wedstryd tussen die provinsies ontstaan. Fr Ahearne en Tipperary se Jim Kennedy en John O Donovan het die reëlings uitgesorteer en Sondag 3 Oktober het Tipperary Waterford aangeneem by Ballypatrick, 'n klein dorpie buite Clonmel aan die voetheuwels van Slievenamon. In wat waarskynlik die eerste wedstryd van damesvoetbal tussen lande was. Tipperary wen met 'n paar punte.

In die noorde van Cork het 'n reeks toernooie en uitdagingspeletjies ook plaasgevind. Knockscavane, Ballydaly, Banteer, Newtownshandrum, Freemount, Boherbue en Buttervant het mekaar begin speel en die toeskouers het begin reageer. Net so in Kerry was die neiging dieselfde: karnavalle, feeste of 'n halfdosyn ander oorsake het 'n positiewe reaksie gekry. Kerry se groot sokkertradisie het beteken dat die dames gereed, gewillig en in staat was om die veld te pak. Dikwels het meisies ingeskakel om die getalle op te stel; hulle kon nie anders as om geïnteresseerd te wees in 'n voortdurende dieet van gesukkel en voetbal van vaders en broers nie. Damesvoetbal het hulle die geleentheid gebied om hul eie drome te verwesenlik. Roscommon was 'n ander land met 'n sterk tradisie. Dit was egter sewe voetbal wat die wedstryd van die grond af gekry het. Clan na Gael, Ballintubber en Lisnamult was die aanstigters. Individue soos PJ Lennon en Marie Holland en Michael Naughton het die spel bevorder. Roscommon County Council het ook sy rol gespeel met Pat Burke as afrigter.

Die vroeë 70's het ook geleidelik gelei tot die emigrasie. In die vorige twee dekades was werksgeleenthede beperk, so vir 'n groot persentasie van die jeug was daar slegs een alternatief: die boot na Engeland en verder 'n veld. Maar ekonomies het Ierland sy potensiaal begin besef. Dit was 'n era van buitelandse belegging, veral deur Amerikaanse ondernemings, en dit het op 'n klein manier gehelp om die jeug in Ierland te behou. Dit was egter noodsaaklik om binne die land te reis, en hierdie vloei het gelei tot die bevordering van damesvoetbal. 'N Nuwe omgewing, nuwe vriende en 'n kans om die nuus te versprei. Cork begin met 'n afdelingskampioenskap in 1973. Die eindstryd word op 2 September op Banteer gespeel en Knockscovane klop Ballydaly 3-4 met 2-3.

In 'n karnavalweek wat in die stad Noordwes -Cork gehou is, het Cork Kerry die stryd aangesê in 'n wedstryd wat 'n skare van 2 000 toeskouers gelok het. Skeidsregter vir die geleentheid was Denny Long, tussen-provinsiale middelveldspeler van Cork. Denny was 'n lid van die senior sokkerspan van Cork wat 'n paar weke tevore die eerste keer sedert 1945 vir die eerste keer sedert 1945 die senior titel in All Ireland gewen het. Die Kerry -kant is gekies deur Mick Fitzgerald en 'n Skot genaamd Alex Rintnel. Cork het 'n ware ster in Bridie Brosnan gehad, terwyl Mary Geaney van Kerry 2-6 bygedra het toe die Koninkryk met 5-10 met 4-11 gewen het. In Offaly het die G.A.A. geniet 'n oplewing en damesvoetbal het daarby baat gevind. Daar was 'n baie sterk Offaly-vereniging in Dublin en dit het 'n sterk bydrae gelewer op die speelveld, waar dit 'n groot rol sou speel in die insameling van fondse vir die Faithful County. Aktief betrokke by die vereniging was Brendan Martin, 'n boorling van Tullamore. Brendan se broer Tom het 'n vakansiehuis in Stradbally County Waterford gehad wat Brendan gereeld besoek het. Tydens so 'n besoek ontmoet hy 'n groep meisies wat terugkeer van 'n sokkerwedstryd, en toevallige gesprekke het daartoe gelei dat 'n wedstryd tussen die Dublin -groep en Stradbally gereël word.

Dit het 'n paar weke later plaasgevind. Brendan was beïndruk en verdere kontak met sy geboorteland het daartoe gelei dat Kerry na Offaly genooi is. Dit word beskou as 'n VN-amptelike All Ireland en het 'n groot oorwinning vir die tuisspan tot gevolg gehad. Teen die einde van 1973 was daar genoeg bewyse dat die spel op 'n gesonde voet was. Die reageer as positief. Klubkampioenskappe was baie gewild. Maar die verskillende uitdagings tussen die provinsies het 'n nuwe dimensie gebring. Spelers het verlang na die kans om die landskleure te dra. Dit was tyd om die wedstryd nasionaal te organiseer. Die daaropvolgende twaalf maande sou die spesifieke struktuur vorm.

1974 het die Gaeliese sokker herleef. Dit het 'n bietjie glans verloor, maar die opkoms van die Dubs met Kevin Heffernan as bestuurder het die skare teruggekeer. Hill 16 het 'n instelling geword toe die toeskouers 'n pittige repertoire van liedjies, 'n verskeidenheid spandoeke en die tradisionele kleure bekendgestel het, terwyl die Sam Maguire Cup vir die eerste keer sedert 1963 na die hoofstad teruggekeer het. Die tendens waarin die kode deur die Engelse voetbal bedreig word, is omgekeer.

Croke Park het 'n ketel geword, die atmosfeer was fantasties en die G.A.A. daarvolgens baat gevind. Damesvoetbal het ook groot vordering gemaak. Verskeie distriksrade is ingestel. Die huis van Michael Naughtons in Lisnamult Co Roscommon was die plek vir 'n vergadering wat 'n provinsiale raad op Woensdag 26 Junie ingestel het. Marie Holland is verkies tot voorsitter met Michael Naughton as sekretaris-tesourier. Die komitee het PJ Lennon, Elizabeth O Brien, Patrick Burke, Margaret Flanaghan, Ann Naughton, Patricia Kilroe en Ann Crean ingesluit. Dit het gelei tot die aanvang van 'n provinsiale kampioenskap. Clan na Gael het die eerste landstitel gewen wat Ballintubber verslaan het in die C.B.S. veld in Roscommon in 'n telling van 3-6 tot 4-2 in 'n krakende wedstryd.

'N Vergadering is by Killurney, 'n klein dorpie in Tipperary, gehou om 'n nasionale vereniging te stig. Personeel uit 'n aantal provinsies het dit bygewoon en 'n paar spelers was ten gunste van 'n buitelandse reis na Engeland of Amerika. Jim Kennedy en John Donovan was vasberade -kry eers die spel wat in .Ierland georganiseer is en praat dan oor reise. Daar is besluit om 'n ander vergadering te bel en te probeer. meer afgevaardigdes. Hayes Hotel Thurles was die gekose plek. Negentig jaar vroeër is die Gaelic Athletic Association in hierdie beroemde hotel gestig en Donderdagaand 18 Julie het vier provinsies Tipperary, Offaly, Galway en Kerry verteenwoordig. Die Ladies Gaelic Football Association is amptelik gestig. Tipperary se Jim Kennedy is as president verkies. Jim was 'n boorling van IKillenaule en 'n sersant in die weermag. Hy het in die 60's in beide die Kongo en Ciprus gedien, en op hierdie spesifieke tydstip woon hy in Clonmel en was 'n instrukteur in die F.C.A. in Cahir. Mary Nevin van Kilcornlac in Offaly het die pos as sekretaris aangeneem. Mary het saam met die Eastern Health Board in die Mater -hospitaal in Dublin gewerk, maar het klubvoetbal gespeel met Kilcornlac Roscommon se Margaret Flanaghan het tesourier geword. Margaret kom uit Ballintubber en speel saam met haar. Sy was 'n stigterslid van die klub en het as fisioterapeut by die distrikshospitaal in Roscommon gewerk. Marie Holland, ook van Ballintubber, amptenaar van die Departement van Landbou, het vise -president geword met Joe Feighery van Offaly as assistent -sekretaris en Brendan Martin as assistent -tesourier.

Daar is besluit om 'n senior inter-county kampioenskap te hou, met elke provinsie wat £ 10 betaal om medaljes te dek. Agt provinsies Roscommon, Laois, Offaly, Galway, Kerry, Cork, Waterford en Tipperary het aangedui dat hulle belangstel om deel te neem. Die vier Munster -provinsies is in opposisie getrek en het ingestem om 'n Munster -kampioenskap op 'n ligabasis te speel. Daar is besluit om 'n stel reëls op te stel, aangesien dit verskillende interpretasies het in sommige provinsies met behulp van die volledige stel G.A.A. reëls. Roscommon is teen Laois getrek, Offaly is teen Galway saam met die Munster -kampioenskap.

Op Donderdag 8 Augustus is 'n Kerry County -raad gevorm by die Austin Stack Pavilion in Tralee. Richard Williams van die Fossa Killarney is tot voorsitter verkies, Joan Kelleher word sekretaris met Patdflor van Ardfert as tesourier. 'N Tweede vergadering is gehou in die kommersiële kamers in Kelly's hotel Portlaoise. Die spelreëls is bespreek en 'n totaal van veertig reëls is opgestel. Verskeie hiervan was soortgelyk aan dié van die G.A.A., en die opvallendste is dat 'n voetbal in grootte 4 gebruik word, 'n speler: die bal moet duidelik van die grond af gehaal word. Die tradisionele 50 sou van 30 meter geneem word [soortgelyk aan camogie]. Oor die volgende twee jaar is vergaderings gehou op verskillende plekke, waaronder die Famham Arms Hotel in Cavan, Bolgers Hotel Tullamore, die Shamrock Lodge Hotel in Athlone, Egans Hotel Birr, Lawlors Hotel Dungarvan, The Royal Hotel Roscommon en die American Hotel in Eyre Square. Galway.

Bekende landafgevaardigdes gedurende die tydperk was Offaly Phyllis Hackett, Ballycumber Joe Feighery, Ballycommon Mick Talbot, Kilcormac Tom Kenny Banagher, Tipperary John Donovan Kilsheelan, Derry Shanahan Littleton Mick Lonergan Golden, Waterford Ann Mc Carthy Ballymacarbry, Nore Mick Fitzgerald Castleisland, Laois Tom Daly en Eileen Maher Stradbally, Cork Tommy Tucker Ballydaly Nora Mitchell Little Island, Roscommon Michael Naughton Lisnamult Ann Dolan Ballintubber, Galway Pack Conway Corofin. Die kampioenskap het begin, beide Laois en Roscommon het onervare span.

Die bestuur van Laois is eers in 1976 gevorm, maar Joe Strahan van die St Fintans -hospitaal in Portlaoise het gereël dat Peter Dunne 'n groep van 25 dames oplei wat belangstel om die provinsie te verteenwoordig. Roscommon het ook nie 'n wedstrydoefening gehad nie, en Laois dring deur na die volgende ronde. Galway het 'n raad gevorm met Frank Kearney (Torloughmore) as voorsitter, Margaret Colleran (Fr Griffens) as sekretaris en Bridget O Brien as tesourier. Pat Conway (Corofin) het Offaly genooi om na Galway te gaan vir 'n toernooi en 'n maand later het die span mekaar by Kilcormac in die kampioenskap ontmoet. Dit was deel van 'n fees en 'n orkes het die spanne geparadeer.

Die span van Galway, wat hoofsaaklik uit camogiespelers bestaan ​​het, was baie jonk, waaronder 'n paar vyftienjarige meisies. Offaly het drie jaar se kompetisie tussen die provinsies agter die rug en behaal 'n indrukwekkende oorwinning van 5-5 tot 1-3. In die suide van die liga Munster-kampioenskap verslaan Tipperary Waterford met 3-8 tot 2-6 in Fethard en daarna met 'n goeie oorwinning oor Cork. Kerry het ook Waterford en Cork verslaan om te kwalifiseer vir die Munster -eindstryd teen Tipperary op 15 September op Kilsheelan. Tipp het rustyd met ses punte voorgeloop, maar moes in 'n naelbyt-einde met 'n enkele punt 2-6 tot 2-5 oorleef, met Eleanor Carroll en Mary Mc Grath wat die belangrikste doele aangeteken het. Twee weke later het Offaly in die gesig gestaar teen Laois in Portlaoise. Offaly was beslis gunstelinge, maar die O Moore-provinsie het nie die draaiboek gelees nie, en Offaly was gelukkig om 'n oorwinning van 3-6 tot 2-6 te behaal. Tipperary en Offaly sou dus die eerste All Ireland Senior -eindstryd betwis.

Tipp het die hele jaar ywerig voorberei. John O Donovan was in beheer van die opleiding en sy mede -keurders was Sean Gorey, Jim Kennedy en Teddy Keane. hulle het by Rockwell College opgelei waar hulle uitstekende fasiliteite gebruik het en gewoonlik die sessie afgesluit met 'n swem in die swembad. In September verhuis hulle na Ferryhouse buite Clonmel omdat dit verlig is. Barlows Ltd is genader vir borgskap en hulle het 'n stel truie geskenk. Die voorlegging is gemaak deur die maatskappy se direkteur, Carrie Acheson, later om 'n T.D. Offaly te word wat opgelei is by beide C.H.S. skool in Tullamore, en by Kilmurray kruis. Bro Sylvestor Kearney, Joe Feighery en Mick Talbot het verseker dat Offaly goed voorbereid was. Die eindronde is vasgestel vir die Durrow -distrik Laois op Sondag 13 Oktober 1974 om 15:30. met Kerry se Paul O Sullivan as aangestelde skeidsregter.

'N Perskonferensie is Donderdagaand voor die wedstryd vir Hayes Hotel belê. Die organiseerders was bekommerd oor die gebrek aan dekking en wou die historiese spel 'n hupstoot gee. Dit het die gewenste uitwerking gehad, Saterdag het die aandpers die opskrif gedraai. Maak plek vir die ander Ierland wat Liam Kelly geskryf het: "Beweeg oor Heffo's Army, die meisies van Offaly en Tipperary is daarna die All Ireland Football -kroon. Maar die Dubs hoef nie bang te wees nie. Die meisies het hul eie All Ireland -kampioenskap om voor te speel. ”

Sondagmiddag het die joernalis van die Irish Press, Dan Coen, en die fotograaf John Rowley die reis na Durrow onderneem. The following day Dan reported under the heading II All Ireland first for the women”- it had not the huge crowds but yesterdays first Ladies All Ireland football final between Offaly and Tipperary (the winners by a single point) had all the enthusiasm and thrills of many an All Ireland in Croke Park. Tipperary won the toss and elected to play uphill and thats exactly what they did, for though the pitch was in excellent condition the incline would put the heart crossways in any trainer who might find his team trailing at the half way stage and having to face it in the second half. The play was fast and tough and as referee O Sullivan said -“not without a great deal of expertise”. Tipp were older too and maybe this combination helped them to become the first champions on a new branch of the G A A which is hoping for full affiliation with the Association headquarters.

Towards the end of the first half Tipp were in a comfortable lead of 1-2 to 0-0, and it seemed despite the determined play of the Offaly women and the vocal support from the sidelines that the match was over. However Mary Nevin sec of the ladies G.A.A. and a sub on the Offaly team told me to keep an eye on her side because they never said die. She was right, for within minutes of the restart Offaly took the lead with a goal. Still Tipp came back and with about eight minutes to go went ahead with a point from a free and that was that

Tipperary had won the first All Ireland Ladies Football final in a score of 2-3 to 2-2. The enthusiasm was there with much umbrella waving and shouting and calling an all the saints in Heaven and sometimes for the devil to do something about the flagging fortunes of either side. It was a great day for women’s football, and a nice ladylike touch was added when the Offaly captain Agnes O Gorman presented the cup to the Tipperary captain Kitty Ryan. With a bit of luck more than eight counties will take part in next years championship and the All Ireland will be played in Croke Park.

The Tipperary supporters led by cheer leader Gertie Strappe a supermarket owner from Golden were in jubilant mood after the game. Winners of the first All Ireland senior hurling title way back in 1887, they became the first county to receive what over the years has become a coveted prize the Brendan Martin Cup. After the game both teams adjourned to a local hotel where they had in the words of Jim Kennedy- ” a bit of a do”. There they chatted and in many cases began friendships that were to span the next decade. For Tipperary there was no majestic home coming, but the following night they travelled to Ardfinnan the home club of captain Kitty Ryan where they were awarded a reception hosted by the local Ardfinnan G.A.A. club. That was followed by a mayoral reception in Clonmel with doing the honors. It was a disappointed but very determined Offaly team that made the relatively short journey home on Sunday evening the 13th October. Theirs was a very young side and surely the experience gained would stand to them in the future. They were not to know that it would take another four years of hard work coupled with several disappointments before they landed the big prize.

The game also caught the imagination of the Evening Press and the Monday edition gave it liberal coverage under the heading “HATS OFF TO THE GIRLS” before continuing “IF THE OFFALY G.A.A. LADIES DIDN’T WIN THE ALL IRELAND AT DURROW, LAOIS, YESTERDAY THEY SET A STYLE ON HEADGEAR THAT HEFFO’S ARMY -OR ANY OTHER ARMY FOR THAT MA TTER – COULD EMULATE WITH ADVANTAGE.”

It was the first such clash and it dispelled any illusion that this kind of sport in not for the gentle sex. Offaly the vanquished are still powdering their wounds -the 30 girls on the pitch and their legions of supporters have little to learn of the fine points of the game. On page 3 there was photographs ofMary Buckley, Fidelma Geraghly, Rena Brennan, Urusla Corrigan and Catherine Hanlan wearing distinctive caps that wouldn’t have been out of place at a Paris fashion show.

Four weeks later the Sunday Press continued the welcome coverage with a feature on Tipperary captain Kitty Ryan under the heading “KITTY IS ON THE BALL” The Press continued with a quote from Jim Kennedy ” Ladies football is a very serious business and were to be taken seriously. Its not just a gimmick or a flash in the pan. Ladies football is catching on and the girls are taking it very seriously”

Kitty continued ” we get big crowds when there’s no other sporting attractions to draw them away. Some of the lads might come along for a laugh at the girls but I think most of them now realise that we can play good football”.

Thus 1974 came to an end with the game firmly established in eight counties. The players of today owe a great debt of gratitude to the trail blazers both on and off the field, who put down the solid foundation that has stood Ladies football in such a good stand over a quarter of a century.


Why women's football was banned for 50 years – and is only just recovering

In 1921, the FA declared football “quite unsuitable for females” and outlawed the sport. Carrie Dunn looks at how far the game was set back.

Please note: This article first appeared in the December 2016 issue of FourFourTwo

A 12-year-old girl sat on a bus, flanked by her parents, en route from Prescot to Manchester for a football match. She wasn’t going to watch she was going to play. Unremarkable? Today, certainly. But it was the 1950s, and girls and women were under strict edicts not to play – from none other than the FA.

That 12-year-old girl was Sylvia Gore. She had always loved football, and as a child would kick a ball around with her father and uncle, learning the techniques like millions of other children the world over. “The local football team, Prescot Cables, used to look for me at half-time so I could come on and kick a ball in the goal – they accepted it,” Gore said in May 2016. “A lot of men up and down the country didn’t.”

The FA’s ban on women’s football began in 1921 – a kneejerk reaction to its popularity. The world-famous Dick, Kerr’s Ladies – plus a handful of other outfits – had helped to fill the gap left by the Football League’s hiatus during the First World War, and attracted huge attendances to their games as they raised money for charity.

Up to this point, women’s football had been running almost parallel to the men’s game. A trailblazing player using the pseudonym Nettie Honeyball had formed the British Ladies’ Football Club at the end of the 19th century, and her team toured the country to play exhibition games. Although spectators may have originally turned up to delight in the undignified spectacle, reports from the time suggest they found themselves enthralled by the quality of play.

Out now! A Lionesses special.

These games were intermittent, though, and didn’t detract or distract from the important business of men’s football. Dick, Kerr’s Ladies and their contemporaries were the real threat. The FA lost patience with the women after Dick, Kerr’s and St Helens brought 53,000 fans through the Goodison Park turnstiles on Boxing Day 1920, believed at the time to be the largest gate at any football match in England since records began.

One year later, English football’s governing body passed a resolution declaring the sport “quite unsuitable for females” and informing men’s clubs that they should refuse to let women play at their grounds. The achievements of Dick, Kerr’s Ladies were pushed into the shadows by a footballing establishment that was embarrassed by women’s success.

Gail Newsham, a footballer herself in the 1970s, became the historian of Dick, Kerr’s Ladies. Her labour of love was to chronicle a half-century of clandestine sporting history that had been ignored as best as possible by the football authorities. Growing up in Preston, she’d heard her father talk about watching women play. A local celebration in 1992 gave her the chance to bring Dick, Kerr’s alumni together.

“I advertised in the local press for anybody who knew anybody to get in touch, and the appeal worked,” says Newsham.

“I could not believe it. Hardly anybody knew anything about them in those days, until I did all that research and found out about them.”

As Newsham talked to the players who’d been part of the Dick, Kerr’s phenomenon, she saw photos that made her realise just how popular women’s football had been, contrasting starkly with her own experience of playing during a later era when female footballers were completely ignored. She sighs: “The first lady I saw showed me a picture of the team in the ’50s, and I couldn’t believe the number of people on the touchline. We had the manager and his dog – but nobody else came to watch us.”

Newsham realised that if history was to be preserved, then she would need to do it herself – and quickly. She first published her book In A League Of Their Own! in 1994 and updated it in several subsequent editions as she continued to gather information. She has a particular fondness for the Dick, Kerr’s striker Lily Parr, a chainsmoking tearaway who found the back of the net more than 1,000 times in her career, and whom Newsham wishes got wider recognition.

“When I see statistics and [mention of] the best players ever, nobody ever thinks of the Dick, Kerr’s Ladies and what they achieved,” explains Newsham. “They should be included. Without them, we wouldn’t have this history. Nobody else in the world has got this history except us.”

Even though governing bodies tried to pretend otherwise, there were newspaper archives for Newsham to explore, chronicling the history of Dick, Kerr’s into the 1960s. Much to the dismay of the chauvinists and suits, these female footballers refused to be put off by something as petty as a national ban. Independent organisations governed the game, with the Women’s FA taking control in 1969. Essentially, women’s football was English sport’s best-kept secret.

Yet the ban did hamper them: they were forbidden to use football facilities, were shunted onto rugby pitches, scrubland, schoolfields – whatever they could find.

“We played on park pitches in Frog Lane and had nothing,” Sylvia Gore recalled of her time representing Manchester Corinthians. “We just had an old hut and we used to get washed in buckets of water that the manager brought across. We had no heating, nothing.”

Sue Lopez, who spent all but one season of her 20-year playing career with Southampton, tells FFT that in the 1950s and ’60s, she and many of her Saints team-mates began by joining in with their male friends. “I used to play football with two boys – neighbours of mine,” she recalls. “Whenever they were about, we would all have a kickaround.

“The girls would grow up in these great big tower flats with a bit of green in the middle for a kickaround. That’s why it is good now that the FA have woken up to allowing decent mixed football up to a certain age – because that’s how you learn, by playing with other good people. If it’s just a bunch of girls and only two or three are any good while the rest are hopeless, you’re not going to learn a lot.”

Without girls’ football teams in schools, many of Lopez’s friends and team-mates came to the game late. Often they were excellent in other sports, representing their county or their country, and simply fancied a change. “They were sportswomen, which was good because that gave them a feeling of how to be a sportsperson, whether it be football, netball or whatever, and not to go out drinking on a Friday night,” she laughs.

“We used to play at Southampton Common and it had a pub called The Cowherds,” Lopez continues. “That tells you what it was back in Victorian times: people’s cattle probably did feed on this bit of ground. The football pitches were really rough, with no nets, and we used to play at places like that most of the time. Even when we got another ground – a men’s ground – some of those weren’t that brilliant.”

It’s perhaps not too surprising, then, that talented footballers such as Lopez became frustrated with all the obstacles put in their path. In 1971 she decided to move to Italy, where she played for Roma, albeit not as a professional – just receiving her expenses. She shared a flat with one of her Giallorossi team-mates and enjoyed a year playing on better pitches in front of bigger crowds.

Lopez reluctantly headed back to England when the Women’s FA expressed a concern that players abroad might compromise their amateur status – which would in turn lose the WFA funding from the Sports Council.

“I didn’t really want to come back,” she admits. “They kept on threatening that they would ban people who went to play in Italy. I still had my mum and family and friends here, and I thought: &lsquoDo I want to stay in Italy forever?’ So I had to make a decision. I thought that I could come back to England to shut them up and then maybe go back out there again later, but unfortunately I didn’t.”

Lopez returned to Southampton the same year she left – 1971 – and helped to shape the team into one of the most impressive forces in women’s football. It coincided with the official lifting of the ban on women playing, but that didn’t mean they were immediately given all the support they required. The FA invited the Women’s FA to affiliate to them, much as a county FA would do, and left them in control, essentially as a network of volunteers with precious little resources. The clubs continued to run themselves as best they could.

“It was difficult to find someone to run the team,” says Lopez. “We never had anyone top-notch, but they were nice people and they did their best. Training was so basic: our warm-up was in a school. We’d just run around the netball court.”

Whenever the weather was bad or if their usual facilities were unavailable, the female players had to take a more innovative approach to training. One of the volunteers worked at a local post office and came up with a bright idea when the team couldn’t even find a school gym to use. Lopez remembers: “He said, &lsquoOh: I’ll open up the post office where all the post goes in.’ There were all these bags and we’d have a run around them. At least we were in the warm. Those are the lengths we would go to.”

The lack of structure in the women’s game meant the young players were immediately being thrown into the first team, with very little chance to develop their skills first.

“We would get some good, young, promising players, but we had no youth teams,” remembers Lopez. “Sometimes we’d take them on if we thought they could manage against us, at least in training, and then we’d give them a match when we played a weak team. It was difficult to accommodate the need.”

Lopez thinks that the FA’s failure to embrace the female game has created the serious problems that it still faces today. England are still playing catch-up with some of the countries that were early adopters of women’s football. The reluctance to acknowledge the obstacles faced by previous generations suggests that at some point the errors of the past may well be repeated. An over-reliance on the goodwill of volunteers, and a subtle condescension to the players that they are even permitted to compete at all, may lead to a breaking point.

“They didn’t want to help they didn’t want to do anything,” says Lopez of the FA’s presence in her playing days. “It was just negative.”

That was different, however, when there was a showpiece occasion. Lopez and her Southampton team dominated the FA Cup for a decade after its creation in 1970/71, appearing in 10 of the first 11 finals and winning eight of them. Wherever the final was held – Bedford, Dulwich, Burton – there would be an interloper in attendance to shake hands and present the trophy. “We’d go to the cup final,” says Lopez, “and this top-notch bloke, whoever he was, would come along and present the trophy. We’d think, &lsquoWell, who are you?’”

The same thing happened at international level as well. Even though representative England teams had been competing for years, it was not until the FA lifted their ban that caps and goalscorers began to be acknowledged. Still, the England team did get to play on slightly better pitches, so as not to outrage the visiting dignitaries. As Lopez explains: “For an international match, some FA bod would turn up wearing his blazer, so it would have to look half-decent."

After paying her way through a series of trials, Sylvia Gore was picked for the first official England squad, and scored their first goal. Her strike helped England come from 2-0 down to beat Scotland in November 1972 – more than 50 years since the FA banned women from playing football 55 years since Dick, Kerr’s Ladies began to tour the UK and the world as representatives of England and nearly 80 years since the British Ladies’ Football Club was formed.

Lopez won 22 caps during her career, in a time when international matches were infrequent. They were difficult to arrange, there were few opponents and players were having to take time off work, before finding themselves out of pocket. “We were all very proud,” she says. “We thought we were getting a bit of acclaim for all our efforts.”

After Lopez retired from playing, she compiled a history of the game. Women on the Ball is still the most accessible and authoritative account of the way female footballers kept their own sport running for decades.

“I was proud of what we did, and also of the Women’s FA,” she says. “This was my way with dealing with my anger about how women had been treated in football. It was a hidden story, and it made me sick.”

Lopez even managed Southampton in the mid-2000s. Then she was made redundant when the men, relegated from the Premier League, stopped funding the women’s team.

Gail Newsham’s own footballing career was equally short of funding. She remembers one particular ground where the changing rooms were chicken huts with an oil drum to use as a toilet. “[The grounds] weren’t a lot to write home about – I don’t recall there being any hot water or anything like that,” she says. “It was pretty shocking, really. That really is playing for the love of the game.”

A love of the game was something Sylvia Gore never lost. She volunteered across the north-west, providing girls and young women with better opportunities to play than she’d ever had, and sat on countless committees governing local football. Manchester City Women invited her to become their club ambassador, acknowledging her work, and she had plans to be reunited with her old Manchester Corinthians team-mates. She organised the reunion for the end of the 2016 Women’s Super League season, in full expectation that City would be parading the championship trophy by then.

Gore did not live to see the Blues’ maiden WSL title win. After a short illness, she died in September 2016, aged 71. Her life and career were acknowledged with media attention and marked with a minute’s silence at matches.

“I would love the girls today to realise the effort involved,” reflects Lopez, who, like Gore, was awarded an MBE and inducted into the National Football Museum Hall of Fame for services to women’s football. “It’s not saying, &lsquoYou’re lucky so-and-sos and we’re jealous’ it’s that there are loads of Sylvias who worked hard, and men – fathers, brothers, local people – who backed women’s football.”

Similarly, Newsham issues a stark warning of the dangers of forgetting history sooner rather than later, the pioneers who kept the women’s game alive in the face of the FA’s instructions will all be gone. In 1993, the FA formally took control of the female game. Two decades later, during the Women’s European Championship, they celebrated “20 years of women’s football” – effectively erasing the century of history that they’d tried so hard to suppress.

This could well be the dawning of a second golden age for women’s football. All the more reason to be sure to remember the struggles of everyone involved in shaping the game – including that 12-year old girl from Prescot.

This article first appeared in the December 2016 issue of FourFourTwo

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"In terms of the England team, the person who we should really be celebrating is Kerry Davis - who debuts in 1982 against Northern Ireland and makes an instant impression by scoring two goals.

"Kerry was born in '62 and her father is of Jamaican heritage, her mother is white-British, and Kerry was born in Stoke."

Sien ook:

Davis herself said: "My generation and the generation before me did blaze a trail because, without those generations, the FA would not have been able to take over a reasonably successful England team."

Mary Phillip was the first black player to captain the England side - in 2003.

She said: "It was an amazing honour to be awarded that armband and lead England out on several occasions.

"I was the first female to have children and play, not just at club level, but also reaching international level.

"You don't realise the significance of it, because you are just going out and doing your thing."

The Football Association says "BAME engagement will be at the forefront of our [women's football] strategy over the next four years".

The tribute feature, which also hears from Anita Asante and Courtney Sweetman-Kirk, also examines the case of Emma Clarke and hears from a historian that the player recognised as the first black British female footballer may actually be the subject of mistaken identity.

Click play on the video at the top of the page to watch our special report in full.

Swart Geskiedenis Maand

Keep across all our features, news stories and video content on Sky Sports News and our Sky Sports platforms. Check out the latest Black History Month content here

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The Forgotten History of Women’s Football

This season, to much media acclaim, the National Football League hired its first female referee and two female coaches (one intern and one full-time). Considering the attention these additions generated, one could be forgiven for thinking that women were just beginning to get into the sport at any professional level. But in the period between World War I and II, a women’s football league was nearly popular enough to become mainstream entertainment.

Little is known about this short-lived women’s football craze. What remains are the photographs of players from Los Angeles that appeared in two national magazines: first Lewe in November 1939, then Klik the following January. The black-and-white photos showed tough-looking women dressed in full football uniforms, including helmets, pants and shoulder pads. The magazine articles provided hardly any information about these pioneering athletes, though, other than assuring readers that they played “hard, fast” regulation tackle football.

Who were these women, and why did their football league disappear after only one season, despite the Klik article’s assertion that it would be expanding nationwide the next fall? Many might assume that public disapproval was to blame. “There was an identification of football with masculinity, much like boxing or wrestling. For women to be playing it would have been seen as an extreme violation of the gender norms,” says football historian Michael Oriard, who mentions the Los Angeles players in his 2004 book King Football. There may be a different explanation for the league’s demise, though, one that has more to do with the women themselves.

My first clue was one of the teams referred in the Lewe article: the Marshall-Clampett Amazons. I had come across a Marshall-Clampett fastpitch softball team from Los Angeles while researching my book on the history of the sport (the team was named after its car dealership sponsor). A search of the California newspaper archives turned up an article in the Palm Springs Desert Sun that confirmed the Marshall-Clampett football and softball teams were not only related but were, in fact, the same team—the football players featured in the Lewe article were actually softball players first and foremost.

It’s likely that the three other teams in the Los Angeles women’s football league were composed of softball players, too. In a 2013 blog post, Melitas Forster, a former Marshall-Clampett player, recalled that a softball promoter had organized the football league. Women’s softball was extremely popular in the late 1930s, especially in Los Angeles, where Hollywood celebrities attended games. The same Desert Sun article discussed a charity softball game between the team and a men’s squad that included silent film star Buster Keaton. (Incidentally, the Marshall-Clampett players wound up defeating Buster Keaton’s Palm Springs team, 5-4.) The women’s football games appear to have been an attempt to capitalize on this popularity and extend ticket sales from fall, when the softball season ended, into winter.

If this was indeed the plan, it worked. In addition to attracting national media attention, the games drew crowds of 3,000 or more.

There were some negative reactions to the women’s football games. A news wire article published November 1939 described them as an invasion of “one of the last strongholds of masculinity.” The Lewe article also argued that football was too dangerous for women, warning that “a blow either on the breasts or in the abdominal region may result in cancer or internal injury.” Still, the more likely reason the Los Angeles league ended was that the players were already committed to softball, which offered considerably more opportunities than football did. Being featured in national magazines paled in comparison to the perks that came with being a 1930s Los Angeles softball player, which included traveling to overseas destinations, such as Japan, and getting to appear in movies, such as the 1937 Rita Hayworth film Girls Can Play.

Though football was likely more dangerous, the Los Angeles players still played physical enough of a softball game to incur strained muscles and the occasional concussion. But there was little incentive for them to risk hurting themselves playing unless the league expanded, and it didn’t. “Let the boys get their heads kicked off. We’ll stick to softball,” some of the players told the Orange County, California, Daaglikse nuus.

A year later, in the summer of 1941, a second women’s football league attempted to form. This time the setting was Chicago, and once again, many of the players came from softball. The teams only played a few games, though, and they received little publicity other than a few local newspaper articles. By the next year, with the U.S. entrance to World War II, talk of women’s football mostly disappeared until the 1970s, when a semi-professional league based primarily in Ohio and Texas emerged. This league received more media coverage, with articles in magazines, such as Texas maandeliks, Ebbehout en Jet. It failed to reach a wide audience, though, and, like the 1939 California league, was soon forgotten.

The cost-benefit analysis that the Amazons of the 1930s made has had a modern-day resurgence. Retired football player Antwaan Randle-el told Die Washington Post that if faced with the decision again to play football or play baseball (he was drafted in the 14th round by the Chicago Cubs), he would select baseball, citing football’s physical toll.

And with the inherent dangers of playing football becoming daily news material, it’s unclear that a professional women’s football league will ever again take hold.


But then the women's game was effectively banned

On 5 December 1921, the Football Association banned women from playing on FA-affiliated pitches which meant stars like Lily Parr could no longer play at grounds with spectator facilities.

The FA at the time said "the game of football is quite unsuitable for females and ought not to be encouraged".

In 1971 the ban was finally lifted following the formation of the Women's Football Association (WFA) a couple of years earlier.


Scottish Influence in Shaping Uruguayan Football.

Uruguay, a country with such impressive footballing history and success, have a strong chance of achieving World Cup glory in Russia. Their nation is incredibly passionate about the game, and offer undying loyalty to anyone who wears the famous Sky Blue jersey. If you were to investigate the origins of Uruguayan football, you would find some rather fascinating information and stories that reveal the substantial Scottish presence which helped shape Uruguayan football.

Above: William Poole.

One single, charismatic individual provided the impetus for turning kick-abouts into regular, professional competition. Anglo-Scot, William Leslie Poole, considered the ‘Father of Uruguayan Football’ was a school teacher and founder of the English High School of Montevideo. Pupils of his school created the ‘Albion Football Club’, Uruguay’s first football club, in 1891. At the time of his arrival, there were already some clubs practicing football informally in Uruguay such as the Montevideo Cricket Club, founded in 1861 (the first rugby club outside the United Kingdom), and the Montevideo Rowing Club, founded in 1874, though none as formal as Ablion. This new football club would play their games across the Rio del la Plata region against Argentine teams in Buenos Aires and Rosario. The club would also be originally chaired by a Scot called: Willie J. MacLean.
Initially, no foreign players were allowed to participate in the sport. Yet, Poole insisted on the participation of both nationals and foreigners with no distinction of race, language, religion, political opinion or economic position. This open-minded approach would change the mindset of the locals and fans of the game. Footballtuned into an instant success in the country, becoming a shining light for communities allowing people of different nationalities, social class and ethnicity to come together in competition.
Poole himself played for Albion FC but is best remembered as an influential administrator and referee. He was then elected as President of the Uruguay Association Football League (Uruguayan FA) in 1901.
The Montevideo City Hall paid honor to Poole by dedicating a place called “Espacio Libre William Leslie Poole” between Constituyente and Vásquez avenues in the Uruguayan capital.


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Kommentaar:

  1. Fahd

    Heerlike gedagte

  2. Mazum

    Is daar so iets?

  3. Cyr

    Die gesaghebbende antwoord, eienaardig genoeg...

  4. Amott

    Ek het vandag baie oor hierdie onderwerp gelees.

  5. Nawat

    Ek wil jou graag aanmoedig om die webwerf te besoek, waar daar baie artikels is oor die onderwerp wat jou interesseer.

  6. Aleck

    Ek dink dat jy verkeerd is. Kom ons bespreek dit. E-pos my by PM, ons sal praat.

  7. Rodolfo

    die ideale variant



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