Tipe 23 (Duke Class) fregat (VK)

Tipe 23 (Duke Class) fregat (VK)


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Tipe 23 (Duke Class) fregat (VK)


Die tipe 22 fregatte is een van die suksesvolste oorlogskepe wat sedert 1945 vir die Royal Navy gebou is, maar hul voortgesette evolusie het gelei tot 'n skip wat waarskynlik nader aan 'n kruiser of vernietiger is (wat kapasiteit en koste betref) as 'n eenvoudige fregat, veral in hul wapens pas. Wat nodig was, was 'n kleiner, meer beskeie ontwerp wat 'n rugsteun van die tipe 22's kon maak en die getalle kon verskaf wat die Royal Navy nodig het om hul verbintenisse buite die gebied na te kom. Aanvanklike ontwerpwerk is in samewerking met die skeepsbouers begin, en die nuwe ontwerp sou bekend staan ​​as die tipe 23. Dit was oorspronklik ontwerp om op te tree as 'n platform vir 'n gesleepte sonarreeks, 'n ligte missielstelsel teen lugaanvalle te dra en geriewe te hê om te land en vul helikopters aan, hoewel dit nie 'n hangar sou dra nie. Dit was basies om die koste van die eenheid tot ongeveer £ 70 miljoen te hou en het op baie maniere gelyk aan die filosofie agter die beperkte vermoë Tipe 14 -fregatte van die 1950's.

As gevolg van die Falkland -konflik is die ontwerp hervorm, wat die romp met 15 meter verleng, en 'n hangar vir helikopteroperasies, ligte outomatiese gewere en die Seawolf -missielstelsel bygevoeg. Die skip het nou begin om die tipe 22 te benader vir koste en kompleksiteit, en dit was nog nie die laaste veranderinge wat aangebring sou word nie. Die skip is in vyf onafhanklike brandbeheersones verdeel, elk met hul eie brandbestrydingstoerusting, ontsnappingsroetes en elektriese kragtoevoer. Nuwe vuurvaste materiale en nie-giftige stowwe is by die ontwerp opgeneem, en baie gebiede is teen wapens beskadig. Die lengte het dus tot 133 meter in totaal toegeneem en die verplasing (volgelaai) het gestyg tot 3 100 ton.

Sommige van hierdie besluite het 'n reeks politieke gevegte veroorsaak, waaronder die keuse van die oppervlak-tot-oppervlak-missielstelsel en die keuse van die opsporingsradar vir die Seawolf-missielstelsel. Hierby is ook die uiteindelike kansellasie van die CACS-4 en die tender vir 'n nuwe opdragstelsel bygevoeg, wat beteken dat die vroeë tipe 23's glad nie 'n rekenaaropdragstelsel gehad het nie. Boonop was die regering traag om bestellings te plaas ondanks die belangrikheid van die tipe 23 vir die Royal Navy. Dit veroorsaak kommer by die werwe wat werk soek en diegene in politieke kringe wat 'n verbintenis soek om 'n vernietiger en 'n fregatvloot van 50 skepe in stand te hou. Ten spyte van die verskillende tegniese en politieke probleme wat die Type 23-fregat omring het, is die finale skip 'n goed gebalanseerde ontwerp, maar ook 'n uitstekende platform teen duikbote.

Skipname: Norfolk, Argyll, Lancaster, Marlborough, Iron Duke, Monmouth Montrose, Westminster, Northumberland, Richmond, Somerset, Grafton Sutherland, Kent, Portland, St Albans.


Tipe 23 fregat

Die Tipe 23 fregat of Duke klas is 'n klas fregatte wat gebou is vir die Royal Navy van die Verenigde Koninkryk. Die skepe is vernoem na British Dukes, wat daartoe gelei het dat die klas algemeen bekend staan ​​as die Duke -klas. Die eerste tipe 23, HMS Norfolk, is in 1989 in gebruik geneem, en die sestiende, HMS St Albans is in Junie 2002 in gebruik geneem. Die vaartuie is ontwerp vir oorlogsvoering teen duikbote, maar is vir verskillende doeleindes gebruik. [3] Dertien tipe 23 fregatte bly in diens by die Royal Navy, met drie vaartuie wat aan die Chileense vloot verkoop is.

  • Royal Navy
  • Chileense vloot
    :
    • 4 × 1.510 kW (2.025 pk) Paxman Valenta 12CM dieselopwekkers (nie-PGMU-skepe)
    • 4 × 1.650 kilowatt (2.210 shp) MTU 12V4000 M53 dieselopwekkers (PGMU -skepe)
    • 2 × GECelektriese motors wat elk 2,980 kW (3,996 pk) lewer
    • 2 × Rolls-Royce Marine Spey SM1C met 12.750 kW (17.098 pk)
    • UAF-1 ESM of UAT Mod 1
    • Tipe 182 gesleepte torpedo -lokhok
    • Anti-lug missiele:
      • 1 × 32-sel Sea Ceptor GWS 35 Vertical Launching System (VLS) houers vir 32 missiele (1–25+ km) [2] (vervang oorspronklike Sea Wolf SAM)
      • 2 × vierkantige Harpoon -lanseerders
      • 2 x tweeling 12,75 duim (324 mm) Sting Ray -torpedobuise
      • 1 × BAE4,5 duim Mk 8 vlootgeweer
      • 2 × 30 mm DS30M Mk2 gewere, of, 2 × 30 mm DS30B gewere
      • 2 × miniguns
      • 4 × masjiengewere vir algemene doeleindes
      • 1 × Wildcat HMA2, gewapen met:
      • 2 × anti -duikboot -torpedo's (Martlet en Sea Venom ASM word in 2021/22 aangebring)
      • of
      • 1 × Westland Merlin HM2, gewapen met
      • 4 × anti -duikboot -torpedo's
      • Vlug dek
      • Omhulde hangar

      Die huidige tipe 23 fregatte van die Royal Navy sal uit 2021 gefaseer word en later vervang word deur die Type 26 Global Combat Ship en die Type 31 fregat. [4] Vanaf 2012 [update] word beplan dat HMS St Albans sal in 2036 die laaste wees wat by die Royal Navy uittree. [5] [6]


      Britse verdedigingsforum

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 10:24

      haai aas Senior lid Plasings: 6107 Aangesluit: 05 Mei 2015, 21:18 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur haai aas & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:24

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:48

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:58

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:59

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      wat is die beplande balk op hulle en hul totale hoogte wat 'n beperkende faktor kan wees, kan 'n tipe 45 nie binne pas nie, as gevolg van die hoogte

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 12:46

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      wat is die beplande balk op hulle en hul totale hoogte wat 'n beperkende faktor kan wees, kan 'n tipe 45 nie binne pas nie, as gevolg van die hoogte

      Ek het geen idee oor die totale hoogte van T26 nie, maar ek glo die balk was 20 meter (tipe 23 balk = 16m).

      Ek onthou egter duidelik dat ek iewers gelees het dat die Batch I T22 beperk was tot 'n lengte van ongeveer 130 m as gevolg van die lengte van die fregat -opknappingskompleks by Devonport - wat daarna vir die Batch III verleng is.

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 18 Sep 2015, 14:24

      Die Royal Navy -fregat HMS Monmouth het die einde van 'n herstel van 20 maande gemerk na 'n suksesvolle inspeksie van die vlootdatum in haar majesteit se vlootbasis Devonport op Vrydag 18 September 15.

      HMS Monmouth, informeel bekend as 'The Black Duke' na James Scott, die hertog van Monmouth, het onlangs na Devonport teruggekeer na uitgebreide see -proewe waar haar reeks opgegradeerde wapenstelsels en sensors volledig bewys en gereed gemaak is vir operasionele gebruik.

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur jonas & raquo 19 Sep 2015, 09:22

      Alles gaan vir Sea Ceptor [DSEi15D4]
      Richard Scott
      18 September 2015

      MBDA het begin met die lewering van hardeware vir die eerste Sea Ceptor-plaaslike installasie teen lugmissielstelsels nadat die Royal Navy 'n 'verbintenis tot aanpassing' vir die tipe 23 fregat HMS Argyll goedgekeur het.

      Intussen het die onderneming 'n veldtog begin vir die afvaardiging van finale kwalifikasies in die Vidsel-reeks in Swede van die CAMM-effektor (Common Anti-air Module Munition) wat met die stelsel verband hou.

      '' In Mei hierdie jaar het ek saam met die Ministerie van Verdediging die besluit geneem om my toe te pas tot die aanpassing van Sea Ceptor op HMS Argyll, 'het admiraal Alex Burton, assistent -hoof van die vlootpersoneel, aan die DSEI Daily gesê tydens 'n inligtingsessie aan boord van HMS Iron Duke. '' Dit is 'n belangrike erkenning van die vertroue wat ons in Sea Ceptor het om die huidige [GWS 26 Mod 1] Seawolf -stelsel te vervang. Sea Ceptor bied 'n aansienlik verbeterde vermoë [oor Seawolf] en aansienlik laer lewensduur. '' MBDA bevestig dat dit in Augustus vanjaar 'n eerste hardeware-aflewering aan Devonport-waar Argyll opgeknap word-afgelewer het. 'N Tweede besending volg einde 2015.

      Die vervanging van GWS 26 Mod 1 met Sea Ceptor vorm een ​​deel van 'n breër Capability Sustainment -program wat vir die Type 23's geïmplementeer word.

      Ander aspekte sluit in die bekendstelling van die Type 997 E/F-band 3D mediumafstand-radar, wat die Sea Ceptor-stelsel teikenaanwysings sal bied.

      Om die impak van die skip te verminder, is Sea Ceptor -installasie op die Type 23's ontwerp om bestaande GWS 26 Mod 1 -infrastruktuur en koppelvlakpunte te gebruik. CAMM -missiele word in die bestaande VL Seawolf -silo aangebring (een houer per sel vir 'n maksimum van 32 missiele).

      Die Type 23 Sea Ceptor -pas sal twee toerusting vir Platform Data Link Terminal (PDLT) gebruik, een voor en een agter, om ononderbroke dekking van 360 ° te verseker. Die PDLT maak voorsiening vir tweerigtingkommunikasie tussen die skip en die CAMM-raketdoelposisionele opdaterings kan van die skip na die raket tydens die vlug gekoppel word, terwyl inligting oor missielstatus en diagnostiek na die skip teruggestuur kan word.


      Britse verdedigingsforum

      SKB Senior lid Plasings: 6949 Aangesluit: 30 Apr 2015, 18:35 Plek:

      Tipe 23 -fregat (Duke -klas) (RN) [Slegs nuus]

      Plaas deur SKB & raquo 02 Mei 2015, 16:04

      Redigering deur The Armchair Soldier:

      Lees asseblief voordat u dit plaas:
      Om te verhoed dat belangrike nuusitems deur algemene besprekings vasgeval word, het ons besluit om hierdie onderwerp te verdeel. Hierdie onderwerp sal nou slegs vir nuus gebruik word. U word aangemoedig om nuus in hierdie draad te plaas - sowel as om dit te bespreek - maar moet asseblief nie toelaat dat u besprekings oor ander onderwerpe kronkel nie en spekulasie tot die minimum beperk.

      Gebruik die nuutgeskepte vir algemene bespreking Huidige en toekomstige begeleide - algemene bespreking onderwerp. Binne hierdie onderwerp kan u die tipe 23 meer breedvoerig bespreek, sowel as die huidige en toekomstige begeleide vloot in die algemeen.

      Stuur 'n privaat boodskap aan 'n administrateur as u verdere verduideliking oor hierdie veranderinge benodig.

      Oorspronklike pos deur SKB:


      ^ HMS Sutherland (F81)

      Inleiding
      Die tipe 23 fregat of Duke -klas is 'n klas van 16 fregatte wat gebou is vir die Royal Navy van die Verenigde Koninkryk. Die skepe is vernoem na British Dukes, wat daartoe gelei het dat die klas algemeen bekend staan ​​as die Duke -klas. Die eerste tipe 23, HMS Norfolk, is in 1990 in gebruik geneem, en die sestiende, HMS St Albans, is in Junie 2002 in gebruik geneem.

      Oorspronklik ontwerp vir oorlogsvoering teen duikbote in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan, het die Royal Navy se tipe 23 fregatte hul veelsydigheid bewys in oorlogsgevegte, vredesbewaring en maritieme veiligheidsoperasies regoor die wêreld. Dertien tipe 23 fregatte bly in diens by die Royal Navy, met drie vaartuie wat aan Chili verkoop is en aan die Chileense vloot oorhandig is.

      Die huidige tipe 23 fregatte van die Royal Navy sal deur die Global Combat Ship vervang word vanaf 2021. Vanaf 2012 word beplan dat HMS Argyll die eerste tipe 23 sal wees wat in 2023 by die Royal Navy uittree terwyl HMS St Albans die laaste sal wees , in 2036.


      Ontwikkeling
      Toe die tipe 23 vir die eerste keer in die laat sewentigerjare ontwikkel is, was die tipe 23 bedoel om 'n ligte anti-duikboot-fregat te wees om Sowjet-kern duikbote wat in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan werk, teen te werk. Die tipe 23 sou die fregatte van die Leander-klas (wat in 1960 in diens getree het) en die tipe 21-fregat ('n ontwerp vir algemene doeleindes wat onlangs in diens geneem is) vervang as die ruggraat van die anti-duikbootmag van die Royal Navy. Alhoewel dit nie bedoel was om die tipe 22 fregat te vervang nie, het die vermindering van die grootte van die vloot as gevolg van die 1998 Strategic Defense Review daartoe gelei dat HMS St Albans HMS Coventry, 'n tipe 22 fregat, vervang het.

      Die skepe was bedoel om 'n gesleepte sonar te dra om Sowjet -duikbote in die Noord -Atlantiese Oseaan op te spoor en 'n Westland Lynx- of EHI Merlin -helikopter te dra om hulle aan te val. Daar is aanvanklik voorgestel dat die fregatte nie 'n verdedigende bewapening sou instel nie. In plaas daarvan sou die Sea Wolf -missielstelsel deur die Fort Victoria -klas aangevul word, waarvan een tipies vier tipe 23's sou ondersteun. Die oliesers van die Fort -klas bied ook diensfasiliteite vir die helikopters van die mag, en die tipe 23 het net fasiliteite om dit te herken en te vul.

      As gevolg van lesse uit die Falklandoorlog, het die ontwerp in omvang en kompleksiteit gegroei om die Vertical Launch Sea Wolf (VLS) -stelsel te omvat met 'n ekstra opsporingstelsel as 'n verdediging teen laagvliegende vliegtuie en seevaartvliegtuie soos Exocet. Met die toevoeging van Harpoon-oppervlak-tot-oppervlak-missiele en 'n mediumkalibergeweer vir ondersteuning by seevuur, het die Type 23 ontwikkel tot 'n meer komplekse en gebalanseerde vaartuig wat geoptimaliseer is vir algemene oorlogvoering, wat 'n magdom nuwe tegnologieë en konsepte aan die Royal bekendgestel het. Vloot. Dit sluit in uitgebreide ontwerpmaatreëls vir radar-deursnit, outomatisering om die bemanningsgrootte aansienlik te verminder, 'n gekombineerde diesel-elektriese en gas (CODLAG) aandrywingstelsel wat baie stil loop vir anti-duikbootbedrywighede, saam met uitstekende reikwydte, vertikale lanseerrakettegnologie en 'n volledig verspreide gevegsbestuurstelsel.

      Die Vertical Launch Sea Wolf oppervlak-tot-lug-missielstelsel is ontwerp vir en eers ontplooi op tipe 23. Anders as met konvensionele Sea Wolf, word die missiel vertikaal versterk totdat dit die skip se bo-opruiming skoonmaak en dan direk na die teiken vlieg. Gevolglik veroorsaak die skip se struktuur geen vuurvuurgebiede wat die afvuur van vuurpyle in 'n konvensioneel gelanseerde stelsel kan vertraag of belemmer nie.

      Alhoewel die Type 23 amptelik die & quotDuke & quot -klas is en bekende name bevat soos HMS Iron Duke, (wat die naam was van die slagskip HMS Iron Duke, Admiral Jellicoe se vlagskip by die Slag van Jutland), was vyf van die name voorheen gebruik op klasse bekend as die & quotCounty class & quot; Kent en Norfolk was name wat beide gegee is aan missielevernietigers van die 1960's en swaar kruisers uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, terwyl Monmouth, Lancaster, Kent en Argyll die name laat herleef het wat deur Monmouth uit die Eerste Wêreldoorlog gevoer is gepantserde kruisers van die klas. Hierdie gebruik van Ducal en County name het 'n tradisie van alfabetiese name verbreek vir begeleide skepe wat in twee-nie ononderbroke-siklusse van die L-klas vernietigers van 1913 tot die Daring-class destroyers van 1950 geloop het. Hierdie vordering is herleef met die Amazon- klas tipe 21 fregatte van 1972–75, en het voortgegaan met B- en C -name vir die meeste tipe 22 -fregatte van 1976–89. Die D-name is egter sedertdien gebruik vir die nuwe Type 45 Daring-klas vernietigers, waarvan die eerste in 2009 in diens geneem is.

      Daar word gesê dat: & quot Tipe 23 fregatte in die afgelope vyf jaar ongeveer 85–89 persent gemiddelde beskikbaarheid vir operasionele diens behaal het, met die uitsondering van 1996, toe die syfer tot net meer as 80 persent gedaal het weens 'n aantal skepe wat 'n spesifieke gebrek. Dit verminder die tyd wat aan beplande onderhoud bestee word. & Quot

      Anders as die Type 45 -verwoester, het die & quotType 23 -fregat nie die vermoë of konfigurasie om as vlagskip op te tree nie en is dit nie die taak om dit op te neem nie. & Quot


      Opgraderings en toekomstige tegnologieë

      Herlewing in die middel van die lewe
      Die klas ondergaan tans herstelwerk wat tussen 12 en 18 maande duur en £ 15-20 miljoen kos. Afgesien van die opknapping van die gemorsdekke en die treintrein, is die skepe toegerus met 'n spieëlklep wat tot 1 knoop kan toevoeg tot die topsnelheid en die brandstofverbruik met 13%kan verminder, en Intersleek-beskadigingsverf wat 2 knope bygevoeg het die hoogste spoed van Ark Royal. Alhoewel die topsnelheid van die Duke-klas gewoonlik 28 knope genoem word, dui die onderskrif van 'n amptelike Navy-foto aan dat Lancaster tot 32 knope in staat was nog voordat haar middeljare herstel The Sea Wolf Mid Life Update (SWMLU) die sensors verbeter en leiding van die missiele, puntverdediging word verder verbeter met nuwe op afstand bediende 30mm-gewere, en Mod 1 van die Mk8-hoofgeweer het 'n volledig elektriese laaistelsel en 'n kleiner radar-deursnit. Die kommunikasie- en bevelstelsels word ook opgegradeer.

      Sonar 2087
      Sonar 2087 word deur sy vervaardiger beskryf as 'n "quota tow-array-stelsel" wat tipe 23 fregatte in staat stel om die nuutste duikbote op aansienlike afstande te jag en op te spoor buite die bereik waarteen hulle [duikbote] kan aanval. & Quot Sonar 2087 is op agt gepas Tipe 23 fregatte in die middeljare herstel tussen 2004 en 2012, die vyf oudste tipe 23 fregatte, HMS Montrose, Monmouth, Iron Duke, Lancaster en Argyll, sal nie Sonar 2087 ontvang nie. Hierdie skepe sal in plaas daarvan oor die normale omvang bly werk van permanente ontplooiings van die Royal Navy. Die Chileense vloot verkry 'n aantal Sonar 2087 -sleutels van Thales Underwater Systems om sy veeldoelige fregatte toe te rus.

      Tik 997 Artisan 3D -radar
      Die tipe 23 se mediumafstandradar sal vervang word deur BAE Systems Insyte Type 997 Artisan 3D radar. Dit is 'n mediumafstand-radar wat ontwerp is om uiters modulêr en hoogs konfigureerbaar te wees om 'n koste-effektiewe radar met hoë werkverrigting te bied, wat doeltreffend kan funksioneer in kusgebiede en lugbestuur, anti-oppervlak (anti-skip) en lugverkeer bestuur vermoëns van die tipe 23 fregatte. Beskermingsmaatreëls word ook bygevoeg om die opsporingsbereik te handhaaf, selfs wanneer dit deur komplekse jammers aangeval word. HMS Iron Duke is die eerste tipe 23 -fregat wat die Type 997 Artisan 3D -radar ontvang het tydens haar opknapping in 2012–13. Dit sal op alle T23's sowel as die aanrandingsplatforms (LPD) - HMS Albion en HMS Bulwark, die helikopterplatform (LPH) - HMS Ocean en die twee toekomstige vliegdekskepe van die Queen Elizabeth -klas ook toegerus word. radar. Die projek was £ 100 miljoen werd en die kontrak is op 4 Augustus 2008 aangekondig.

      HMS Iron Duke ontvang haar nuwe Type 997 Artisan 3D -radar in 2013. Daar word beweer dat die radar 5 keer meer bekwaam is as die Type 996 -radar wat dit vervang.

      Algemene anti-lug modulêre missiel
      Die CAMM (M) -variant van die Common Anti-Air Modular Missile is bedoel om die huidige Sea Wolf-missiel wat tans op die tipe 23 fregatte toegerus is, te vervang vanaf 2016. CAMM (M) het 'n langer reikafstand van 1–25+ km vergeleke met die 1–10 km wat die Sea Wolf -missiel bied. Daar is 'n opsie om die raket 'n oppervlakaanvalvermoë te gee, hoewel dit tans verstaan ​​word dat die Royal Navy om begrotingsredes nie die opsie sal gebruik nie. Net soos Sea Wolf, word CAMM (M) VLS gelanseer, maar as gevolg van die ontwerp kan CAMM (M) baie meer styf in die VLS verpak word, met tot vier CAMM (M) wat in die ruimte van een Sea Wolf pas missiel. CAMM (M) staan ​​bekend as Sea Ceptor in Royal Navy -diens.


      Skepe van die klas
      Op 21 Julie 2004, tydens die hersiening van verdedigingsbesteding tydens die hersiening van veiligheid in 'n veranderende wêreld, het Geoff Hoon, minister van verdediging, aangekondig dat HMS Norfolk, Marlborough en Grafton afbetaal sou word. In 2005 is aangekondig dat hierdie drie vaartuie aan die Chileense vloot verkoop sal word en in 2008 afgelewer sal word. In September 2005 kry BAE Systems 'n kontrak van £ 134 miljoen vir die voorbereiding van die fregatte vir die oordrag. Die Marlborough, Norfolk en Grafton is vir £ 134 miljoen aan Chili verkoop. Die voornemensbrief vir koop is in Desember 2004 onderteken, gevolg deur 'n formele kontrak op 7 September 2005. Die Norfolk is deur die Defense Logistics Organization en BAE Systems oorhandig en op 22 November 2006 in diens van die Chileense vloot, en die naam Almirante Cochrane (FF-05) (na Lord Cochrane, 'n vlootheld vir beide die Britte en Chileense). Die Grafton is op 28 Maart 2007 by Portsmouth by die Chileense vloot afgelewer en hernoem tot Almirante Lynch (FF-07). Die Marlborough is op 28 Mei 2008 by Portsmouth by die Chileense vloot afgelewer en herdoop tot Almirante Condell (FF-06).

      1. HMS Norfolk (F230) In opdrag 1990 (later verkoop aan Chili, heraangestel in 2006 as 'Almirante Cochrane' (FF05))
      2. HMS Marlborough (F233) In opdrag 1991 (later verkoop aan Chili, heraangestel in 2008 as 'Almirante Condell' (FF06))
      3. HMS Argyll (F231) In gebruik geneem in 1991
      4. HMS Lancaster (F229) In gebruik geneem in 1992 (oorspronklik met wimpelnommer F232)
      5. HMS Iron Duke (F234) In 1993 in gebruik geneem
      6. HMS Monmouth (F235) In 1993 in gebruik geneem
      7. HMS Montrose (F236) In opdrag van 1994
      8. HMS Westminster (F237) In opdrag van 1994
      9. HMS Northumberland (F238) In gebruik geneem in 1994
      10. HMS Richmond (F239) In 1995 in gebruik geneem
      11. HMS Somerset (F82) In gebruik geneem in 1996
      12. HMS Grafton (F80) In gebruik geneem in 1997 (later verkoop aan Chili, herbedryf 2007 as 'Almirante Lynch' (FF07))
      13. HMS Sutherland (F81) In gebruik geneem in 1997
      14. HMS Kent (F78) In opdrag van 2000
      15. HMS Portland (F79) In gebruik geneem in 2001
      16. HMS St Albans (F83) In gebruik geneem in 2002


      Verplasing: 4,900 t (4,800 lang ton 5,400 kort ton)
      Lengte: 133 m (436 ft 4 in)
      Breedte: 16,1 m (52 ​​ft 10 in)
      Diepgang: 7,3 m (23 ft 9 in)
      Aandrywing: CODLAG:
      Vier 1510 kW (2 025 pk) Paxman Valenta 12CM dieselopwekkers
      Twee GEC -elektriese motors lewer 2980kW (4000 pk)
      Twee Rolls-Royce Spey SM1C lewer 23.190 kW (31.100 pk)
      Spoed: Meer as 28 kn (52 km/h 32 mph) (HMS Sutherland behaal 34,4 knope tydens hoëspoedproewe in November 2008)
      Reikwydte: 7.500 seemyl (14.000 km) teen 15 kn (28 km/h)
      Bemanningsaanvulling: 185 (akkommodasie vir tot 205)
      Elektroniese oorlogvoering
      en bedrieg:
      UAF-1 ESM, of, UAT Mod 1
      Seagnat
      Tipe torpedo -lokhok van tipe 182
      Oppervlakskip Torpedo -verdediging
      Bewapening:
      Anti-lug missiele:
      1 × 32-sel Sea Wolf GWS.26 VLS-houers vir 32:
      Sea Wolf-missiele (reikafstand 1-10 km)
      Anti-skip missiele:
      2 × vierkantige Harpoon -lanseerders
      Anti-duikboot-torpedo's:
      2 × Twin 327 mm (12,75 in) Sting Ray -torpedobuise
      Gewere:
      1 × BAE 4,5 duim Mk 8 vlootgeweer
      2 × 30 mm DS30M Mk2 gewere, of 2 × 30 mm DS30B gewere
      2 × miniguns
      4 × masjiengewere vir algemene doeleindes
      Vliegtuie vervoer: 1 × Lynx HMA8, gewapen met
      4 × Sea Skua anti -skip missiele, of
      2 × anti -duikboot -torpedo's
      of
      1 × Westland Merlin HM1, gewapen met
      4 × anti -duikboot -torpedo's
      Lugvaartgeriewe:
      Vlug dek
      Omhulde hangar


      Britse verdedigingsforum

      Gabriele Senior lid Plasings: 2000 Aangesluit: 30 Apr 2015, 18:53 Plek: Kontak:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur Gabriele & raquo 06 Aug 2015, 14:27

      U ken my miskien ook as Liger30, van daardie wonderlike forum as wat MP.net was.

      Arma Pacis Fulcra.
      Si Vis Pacem, Para Bellum

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur jonas & raquo 06 Aug 2015, 15:47

      Gee jy aan dat hulle verstandig is?

      Gabriele Senior lid Plasings: 2000 Aangesluit: 30 Apr 2015, 18:53 Plek: Kontak:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur Gabriele & raquo 06 Aug 2015, 21:29

      Gee jy aan dat hulle verstandig is?

      Dit is die enigste verduideliking wat sinvol is, tensy die RN reeds weet dat hy een tipe 23 in die SDSR moet onttrek. Ek hoop dit is nie die tweede nie.

      Terloops, dit sou regtig wonderlik wees om 'n bietjie detail uit die MOD te hê oor hoe die oorgang van 23 na 26 beplan moet word, aangesien baie stukke kit veronderstel is om van ouds af te beweeg na nuwe vaartuie. Dit beteken terloops dat die roetine -beskikbaarheid van fregatte inderdaad tot 12 sal daal, want as dinge bevestig word van 23 na 26, is dit duidelik dat die 23 goed gestroop moet word voordat die nuwe 26 haar plek inneem.

      HMS Argyll, volgens die OSD -lys van 2008, is die eerste tipe 23 wat buite werking is. Maar dit lyk asof sy 'n uitgebreide CSP kry, insluitend CAMM. Dit laat my dink dat Argyll nie meer die eerste een kon wees nie. Aangesien die omruil van Sea Wolf na CAMM nooit teen 2023 voltooi sal wees nie, en selfs die aanpassing van die nuwe gensets eers teen 2024 voltooi sal wees, sou ek dink dat die eerste tipe 23 wat sou buig, dit sou doen sonder om te ontvang die nuwe gensets, CAMM en ander stukkies. Dit sal nie sinvol wees om eers 'n paar jaar later 'n skip op te gradeer nie, maar skepe wat na verwagting langer sal dien, word later aangebring, nee.

      Dit sal goed wees as gesonde verstand vir een keer gebruik word.

      U ken my miskien ook as Liger30, van daardie wonderlike forum as wat MP.net was.

      Arma Pacis Fulcra.
      Si Vis Pacem, Para Bellum

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur rek & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 15:33

      Gabriele Senior lid Plasings: 2000 Aangesluit: 30 Apr 2015, 18:53 Plek: Kontak:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur Gabriele & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 15:45

      Die nuwe gensets sal tot 2024 duur om op 12 tipe 23's geïnstalleer te word tydens tegniese stop. En die eerste tipe 23 word beplan om in 2023 weg te wees. Dit gaan sonder om die nuwe gensets te ontvang. Dit is so eenvoudig, vir 'n slag.

      U ken my miskien ook as Liger30, van daardie wonderlike forum as wat MP.net was.

      Arma Pacis Fulcra.
      Si Vis Pacem, Para Bellum

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur -Eddie- & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 16:47

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 17:19

      RichardIC Senior lid Plasings: 1100 Aangesluit: 10 Mei 2015, 16:59 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur RichardIC & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 17:43

      deur marktigger »10 Aug 2015, 17:19

      wonder of een van die latere herstelwerk geskik is vir die 5 -in -geweer

      Hoekom? Mod 4 sal al meer as twee dekades in diens wees teen die tyd dat die eerste T26 in diens is.

      Gabriele Senior lid Plasings: 2000 Aangesluit: 30 Apr 2015, 18:53 Plek: Kontak:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur Gabriele & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 18:11

      Moenie dink dat dit 'n werklike uitwerking op die spoed sal hê nie. Die ekstra krag (en dit is nie te veel nie, ons praat van 'n bykomende 560 kW in totaal oor die vier generators) sal waarskynlik deur elektronika, klimatisering en ander behoeftes van die skip ingesluk word.

      U ken my miskien ook as Liger30, van daardie wonderlike forum as wat MP.net was.

      Arma Pacis Fulcra.
      Si Vis Pacem, Para Bellum

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 10 Aug 2015, 20:17

      deur marktigger »10 Aug 2015, 17:19

      wonder of een van die latere herstelwerk geskik is vir die 5 -in -geweer

      Hoekom? Mod 4 sal al meer as twee dekades in diens wees teen die tyd dat die eerste T26 in diens is.

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 10:24

      haai aas Senior lid Plasings: 6107 Aangesluit: 05 Mei 2015, 21:18 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur haai aas & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:24

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:48

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:58

      marktigger Senior lid Plasings: 4621 Aangesluit: 01 Mei 2015, 10:22 Plek:

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur marktigger & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 11:59

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      wat is die beplande balk op hulle en hul totale hoogte wat 'n beperkende faktor kan wees, kan 'n tipe 45 nie binne pas nie, as gevolg van die hoogte

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 17 Sep 2015, 12:46

      Dit is werklik 'n merkwaardige fasiliteit. Een ding wat ek gewonder het, is of die toekomstige tipe 26 -skepe hul herstelwerk daar sal kan doen?

      Ek kan nie nou onthou nie, maar ek dink die fasiliteit is aangepas om die Type 22 Batch II & amp III te akkommodeer - die aangehaalde lengte vir die T26 is 148 m, dieselfde as die Batch III T22, as dit die geval is, sou ek verbeel jou so.

      Op hierdie noot, is die lengte van die tipe 26 deur hierdie faktor beperk?

      wat is die beplande balk op hulle en hul totale hoogte wat 'n beperkende faktor kan wees, kan 'n tipe 45 nie binne pas nie, as gevolg van die hoogte

      Ek het geen idee oor die totale hoogte van T26 nie, maar ek glo die balk was 20 meter (tipe 23 balk = 16m).

      Ek onthou egter duidelik dat ek iewers gelees het dat die Batch I T22 beperk was tot 'n lengte van ongeveer 130 m as gevolg van die lengte van die fregat -opknappingskompleks by Devonport - wat daarna vir die Batch III verleng is.

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur GibMariner & raquo 18 Sep 2015, 14:24

      Die Royal Navy -fregat HMS Monmouth het die einde van 'n herstel van 20 maande gemerk na 'n suksesvolle inspeksie van die vlootdatum in haar majesteit se vlootbasis Devonport op Vrydag 18 September 15.

      HMS Monmouth, informeel bekend as 'The Black Duke' na James Scott, die hertog van Monmouth, het onlangs na Devonport teruggekeer na uitgebreide see -proewe waar haar reeks opgegradeerde wapenstelsels en sensors volledig bewys en gereed gemaak is vir operasionele gebruik.

      Re: Type 23 fregat (Duke Class) (RN)

      Plaas deur jonas & raquo 19 Sep 2015, 09:22

      Alles gaan vir Sea Ceptor [DSEi15D4]
      Richard Scott
      18 September 2015

      MBDA het begin met die lewering van hardeware vir die eerste Sea Ceptor-plaaslike installasie teen lugmissielstelsels nadat die Royal Navy 'n 'verbintenis tot aanpassing' vir die tipe 23 fregat HMS Argyll goedgekeur het.

      Intussen het die onderneming 'n veldtog begin vir die afvaardiging van finale kwalifikasies in die Vidsel-reeks in Swede van die CAMM-effektor (Common Anti-air Module Munition) wat met die stelsel verband hou.

      '' In Mei hierdie jaar het ek saam met die Ministerie van Verdediging die besluit geneem om my toe te pas tot die aanpassing van Sea Ceptor op HMS Argyll, 'het admiraal Alex Burton, assistent -hoof van die vlootpersoneel, aan die DSEI Daily gesê tydens 'n inligtingsessie aan boord van HMS Iron Duke. ‘‘This is a key acknowledgement of the confidence we have in Sea Ceptor to replace the current [GWS 26 Mod 1] Seawolf system. Sea Ceptor provides a significantly improved capability [over Seawolf] and massively reduced whole-life costs.’’ MBDA confirmed that it made a first hardware delivery to Devonport − where Argyll is being refitted − in August this year. A second shipment will follow at the end of 2015.

      The replacement of GWS 26 Mod 1 with Sea Ceptor forms one strand of a wider Capability Sustainment Programme being rolled out for the Type 23s.

      Other aspects include the introduction of the Type 997 E/F-band 3D medium-range radar, which will provide target indication support to the Sea Ceptor system.

      To minimise ship impact, Sea Ceptor installation on the Type 23s has been engineered to use existing GWS 26 Mod 1 infrastructure and interface points. CAMM missiles will be fitted in the existing VL Seawolf silo (one canister per cell for a maximum of 32 missiles).

      The Type 23 Sea Ceptor fit will use two Platform Data Link Terminal (PDLT) equipments, one fore and one aft, to ensure uninterrupted 360° coverage. The PDLT provides for two-way communications between the ship and the CAMM missile target positional updates can be uplinked from the ship to the missile in-flight, while missile status information and diagnostics can be sent back to the ship.


      F 237 HMS Westminster

      Westminster was used for the interior shots in the 1997 James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies in three different roles - as HMS Chester, HMS Devonshire and HMS Bedford. For the exterior shots a model was constructed.


      Operational history:

      In 2004, Westminster was assigned one of the Royal Navy's first Merlin helicopters. Also in 2004, the ship was the first to be fitted with the new low-frequency Sonar 2087 designed to detect the most advanced submarines. The technology is controversial as its effects on marine wildlife remain unclear.

      In December 2005, the ship's company of Westminster were all granted Freedom of the City of Westminster. 200 naval officers and sailors in full ceremonial uniform paraded through the streets of London from Westminster Abbey to Horse Guards as part of the celebration service. Westminster was chosen as a very rare recognition of her contributions to Westminster schools, local charities and the community as a whole. The honour entitles the crew the freedom to "parade through the City on all ceremonial occasions in full panoply and with drums beating, colours flying and bayonets fixed".

      She was deployed to Burma in May 2008 to spearhead the British relief effort after Cyclone Nargis devastated the country, but later had to withdraw after the junta refused to grant permission for aid to be landed.

      In March 2011, Westminster took part in Operation Ellamy, the British role in the coalition action during the 2011 Libyan civil war by enforcing a naval blockade. She took part in Exercise Saxon Warrior in the Western Approaches with the US aircraft carrier George H.W. Bush in May 2011, culminating in a so-called 'Thursday War'.

      On 23 January 2012, Westminster departed Portsmouth to reinforce the British guided-missile destroyer Daring that was also underway for the Persian Gulf to relieve the frigate Argyll.

      Whilst in the Persian Gulf she made a port call in Dubai where one of her sailors (Leading Seaman Timothy Andrew MacColl, 27, from Gosport in Hampshire.) disappeared, prompting a bilateral search between the Royal Navy and local authorities. He was declared dead by the Royal Navy in May 2014.

      In early 2013, she was part of the multi-national Exercise Joint Warrior, practising amphibious operations off the coast of Scotland. In September she was part of the COUGAR 13 task group, for a series of joint exercises in the Mediterranean and Persian Gulf. She visited Gibraltar on the way to the Middle East. This came amidst growing tensions between Spain and Britain over the status of Gibraltar however the British Government described the visit as 'routine'. In September 2013, she practised anti-submarine drills with the Italian Navy's Sauro-class submarine Salvatore Pelosi and the Durand de la Penne-class destroyer Francesco Mimbelli. In the Gulf of Oman, Westminster conducted anti-submarine drills against USS Dallas. In October 2013, she exercised with the Indian Navy off Goa.

      On Sunday, 28 September 2014, she docked at East India Dock, by Canary Wharf, in London.


      F 235 HMS Monmouth

      Affectionately known as 'The Black Duke', Monmouth is the only ship in service with the Royal Navy that has its name painted in black and flies a plain black flag in addition to the ensign. This is due to the dissolution of the title and the blacking out of the Coat of Arms of the Duke of Monmouth in 1685 following the Monmouth Rebellion against James II of England.


      Operational history:

      Monmouth visited Wellington in June 1995 in company with RFA Brambleleaf, the first UK or US warship to visit New Zealand since the 1985 ANZUS dispute. Another "first" followed in 1999 as Monmouth became the first major Royal Navy vessel to visit Dublin since the 1960s.

      In early 2004 the ship was assigned to the Atlantic Patrol Task North. In 2006 Monmouth underwent operational sea training, conducted by Flag Officer Sea Training, in which she spent six weeks fighting off staged attacks by ships and submarines.

      Monmouth returned to berth at her home port HMNB Devonport on 3 December 2007 having completed a circumnavigation of the globe, visiting Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii and taking part in a FPDA Exercise.

      In 2008 she went into refit and in 2009 deployed to the Gulf, returning in April 2010.

      On 27 May 2010, she escorted the fleet of "little ships" commemorating the 70th anniversary of Operation Dynamo, the evacuation from Dunkirk on 27 May-4 June 1940 of approximately 340,000 British and French soldiers, and one of the most celebrated military events in British history.

      Monmouth spent June 2011 in the Indian Ocean patrolling the waters off Somalia as part of the ongoing multi-national anti-piracy operations in the region. The deployment also saw her spend some time in Victoria, the capital of the Seychelles where she took part in the islands' Independence celebrations.

      In February 2012, Monmouth began a six week refit period at Devonport's frigate shed, following on from a seven month deployment in the Indian Ocean which began in 2011. For the refit, the ship was taken out of the water into an enclosed dry-dock.

      In May 2013, she returned to her home port after a seven month mission to the Gulf. Monmouth also hosted an International Principle Warfare Officer's course in 2013. She is due to participate in exercise Joint Warrior 2013. From October 2013 she is in home waters serving as the Fleet Ready Escort.

      In February 2016, she participated in NATO exercise Dynamic Guard.

      He served in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and commanded English troops taking part in the Third Anglo-Dutch War before commanding the Anglo-Dutch brigade fighting in the Franco-Dutch War.


      F 83 HMS St. Albans

      The ship was launched on the River Clyde on Saturday 6 May 2000. She was built at BAE Systems' Yarrows Yard in Scotstoun, Glasgow.

      On 27 October 2002, before she had even entered operational service, St Albans was struck by the P&O ferry Pride of Portsmouth when gale force winds pushed the ferry into the ship whilst secure on her berth in Portsmouth. St Albans suffered damage to the gun deck, the sea boat supports (davits) and the bridge wing. However, no members of the crew were injured.

      In 2004, Commander Steve Dainton RN took command and the ship was deployed on Operation Oracle duties in the Arabian Sea.

      In July 2004 the crew were granted Freedom of the City by the Mayor of St Albans.

      On 13 February 2006, St Albans departed on a six-month deployment to the Gulf region. She arrived in the region in early April, where her tasks included protecting Iraqi oil platforms as well as patrol duties in the northern Gulf. During the trip, she provided a diplomatic role by visiting 16 countries, including Algeria, Albania, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Lebanon (before the 2006 conflict with Israel).


      Evacuation of British citizens from Lebanon:

      As of 12 July 2006, the ship had completed her tour in the Gulf and had begun her long journey back to Portsmouth. However, on the same day, the conflict between Israel and Lebanon began. As a result, it was announced on Monday 17 July by The Ministry of Defence that St Albans, which was on a route that would take it through the eastern Mediterranean (via the Suez canal), had been redeployed to assist in the evacuation of British citizens trapped in Lebanon (Operation Highbrow). She arrived in the area on Thursday 20 July and on Friday 21 July she picked up 243 evacuees from the dock in Beirut and safely transported them to Cyprus. After completing her role in the evacuation, she remained on operational stand-by in the vicinity of Beirut for a short time before being ordered to return home, their original aim. The ship finally arrived back in Portsmouth on 18 August 2006.


      After the tour:

      Following the ship's successful 6-month tour, St Albans underwent maintenance. During this time, the ship received a new commanding officer, Commander Mark Newland RN. He took over from Commander Steve Dainton RN, commanding officer for the previous two years. The ship stayed in British waters, participated in submarine training in the Irish Sea, weapon training off the south coast and visited Glasgow on 11 November 2006 to take part in Remembrance Sunday events. From 5 January until 15 January 2007 the ship was open to the public as part of the London Boat Show. Following this, the ship conducted various training exercises and engineering trials in the UK. The ship's crew then went on Easter leave before returning to conduct more training activities.


      Maintenance:

      In May 2007, St Albans entered a period of maintenance that lasted over a year. The maintenance programme took place in dry dock, situated in Rosyth. Many systems were overhauled and replaced and the ship's crew temporarily reassigned to other vessels while the ship underwent work. A skeleton crew of engineers supervised the work for the year. Included in the maintenance was the installation of a new Type 2087 sonar system and a conversion to allow the operation of Merlin helicopters, making the ship one of the Fleet’s most advanced frigates.

      The upgrade took 15 months and cost £15 million. The ship then returned to its home port of Portsmouth and was accepted back into the fleet in July 2008. The ship was then put through various equipment tests & training routines throughout the later part of the year.

      St Albans left Portsmouth on 19 January 2009 to conduct maritime security patrols in the Mediterranean. The ship joined a NATO Task Group in the Mediterranean and will be protecting busy shipping trade routes. St Albans was also a part of the NATO Response Force (NRF), capable of being deployed anywhere that NATO decides at short notice. The ship also visited ports in Majorca, Italy and Egypt whilst in the region. She arrived on the Clyde on 7 May 2009 at 1500hrs, heading for Faslane.

      St Albans was deployed in the Gulf until mid-2010. She left Portsmouth on 1000hrs on Monday 1 February. Her deployment included supporting international efforts in "tackling piracy, illegal trafficking, and smuggling."

      Later in the deployment St Albans helped the Iraqi government "protect their oil platforms, and provide security to ensure regional stability".

      In July 2010 after completing her tour in the Middle East, she visited Grand Harbour, Malta for four days on her way back to the United Kingdom.

      The warship helped in the recovery of a diver who had got into difficulties near Salcombe on 26 March 2011, although the diver was pronounced dead on arrival at hospital.

      On 1 July 2011, St Albans rescued 13 sailors of the coast of Oman from the stricken tanker MV Pavit, which had spent three days drifting in a heavy storm after losing power. St Albans used her Merlin helicopter embarked from 829 Naval Air Squadron to winch the crew to safety. The rescued sailors were later transferred to their sister ship, the MV Jag Pushpa. After operating in the Middle East conducting counter-terrorism and anti-piracy operations, having relieved the frigate HMS Iron Duke, she returned to Portsmouth, via Malta and Lisbon, in December 2011.

      The Worshipful Company of Marketors became affiliated to HMS St Albans in 2011.

      In March 2012, HMS St Albans visited the Pool of London where she entertained a number of her affiliate organisations and other guests before returning to her home port of Portsmouth to conduct exercises in the Western Approaches. In May, she visited Iceland, where the captain Cdr Tom Sharpe and Britain’s Ambassador to Iceland Ian Whitting cast a wreath into Hvalfjördur – once a vital staging point for the Arctic Convoys to the Soviet Union. Over 1½ million people saw the ship's return to Portsmouth as part of world’s largest harbour festival. The frigate sailed up the Elbe to Hamburg to take part in the port's 823rd birthday celebrations. In June, St Albans visited the home of the German Navy in Kiel, joining in the huge maritime event attended by 50 countries, 2000 yachts and pleasure craft and more than 5,000 yachtsmen and women. Before joining in the celebrations, members of the ship’s company including Commanding Officer Commander Tom Sharpe OBE RN, two platoons and the ship’s guard headed to a remembrance service and wreath laying at the Commonwealth Cemetery at Nordfriedhof.

      Under her new commanding officer, Commander Andrew Block RN, HMS St Albans continued her home duties visiting the Channel Islands and Holyhead with an extended tour visiting Stavanger, Oslo and Amsterdam. During this deployment she was the last ship to fire the Royal Navy's 4.5" Mk.8 Mod 0 gun off Stavanger. In May 2013 she was handed over to BAe Systems for her refit in Portsmouth Harbour, her home port, silently coached into C lock. She will remain in dock until Spring 2014 to be modernised for another 10 years.

      In December 2013, Commander Catherine Jordan RN, one of the few female Commanding Officers in the Royal Navy, took command of the ship.

      A new crew has been assembled and the ship finished her £25million refit to schedule in the Spring followed by a period of intense trials and will rejoin the fleet in Summer 2014.

      Since May 2014 HMS St Albans has been on extended trails developing her military capability and testing her systems integration. She is now fitted with the Artisan 3D radar, the all electric 'Kryten'4.5" Mod1 gun, mid-life upgrade to her Sea Wolf missile system together with a wide range of more detailed improvements. During the trails HMS St Albans visited Plymouth and Falmouth. Her Rededication Ceremony was on Friday 1 August 2014.

      On Monday 3 November 2014 HMS St Albans passed her Material Assessment and Safety Check.

      In December 2014 HMS St Albans visited London mooring alongside HMS Belfast in the Pool of London and then sailed across the North Sea and down the Nieuwe Maas to visit Rotterdam.

      Still based in Portsmouth she continued trials in the Western English Channel and then visited Trondheim in Norway and continued live firing trials.

      After completing her extensive FOST trails, based at Plymouth, she entered West India Dock, London on 7 July 2015 and then sailed back to Portsmouth arriving 16 July 2015 ready to be the Guard Ship for the Portsmouth America's Cup races later in the month.

      St Albans sailed for a nine-month mission to the Middle East on 27 November 2015, carrying a Merlin HM2 and ScanEagle UAV.

      In transiting the Mediterranean she was involved with the seizure of 320 kg of cocaine work more than £1 million on the street. On 11 January 2016, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon announced that "HMS St Albans will shortly join the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier group" as part of operations against the Islamic State group.

      The subsidiary titles of the Duke are: Earl of Burford, in the County of Oxford (1676), Baron Heddington, in the County of Oxford (1676) and Baron Vere, of Hanworth in the County of Middlesex (1750). The Earldom and the Barony of Heddington are in the Peerage of England, and the Barony of Vere is in the Peerage of Great Britain. The Dukes of St Albans also bear the hereditary title of Grand Falconer of England, and Hereditary Registrar of the Court of Chancery.

      The eldest son and heir of the Duke of St Albans is known by the courtesy title Earl of Burford, and Lord Burford's eldest son and heir is known as Lord Vere.


      F 81 HMS Sutherland

      She was launched in 1996 by Lady Christina Walmsley, wife of Sir Robert Walmsley KCB. Before this occasion, Royal Navy ships had always been launched with a bottle of champagne, but Lady Walmsley broke with tradition and used a bottle of Macallan Scotch whisky.


      Operational history:

      She was deployed to the Falkland Islands in the winter 1998/1999. In 2000, she was part of the task force NTG2000, the first time Royal Navy ships have circumnavigated the globe since 1986. In December 2007, major upgrades worth £35 million were announced making Sutherland the "most powerful frigate in the fleet". The upgrades included Sonar 2087, an upgrade to Seawolf, an improvement to the 4.5 inch gun to allow it to fire long-range ammunition, and a reshaped stern to cut fuel use.

      After berthing in Invergordon, HMS Sutherland was granted the freedom of the county of Sutherland at a ceremony in Dornoch on 18 September 2004. A subsequent visit to Invergordon in March 2011 was cut short, with "operational commitments" as the given reason. This was eventually revealed as her deployment as part of the UK Response Force Task Group's (RFTG) first deployment, named COUGAR' 11. She returned to Invergordon in April 2013.

      In May 2011, she made a port visit to Patras, Greece following participation in exercises off Crete, after which she became involved in the operations off the Libyan coast.

      On 16 June 2011, Sutherland visited Souda Bay in Crete to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Crete, before sailing to Kalamata in Greece to conduct further World War II memorials.

      On 24 July 2011 HMS Sutherland returned to the coast of Libya as part of Operation Ellamy.

      On 18 October 2011 HMS Sutherland passed through Tower Bridge in London and docked next to HMS Belfast, returning through the bridge on 22 October 2011.


      F 236 HMS Montrose


      HMS Montrose (F 236) firing a RGM-84 Harpoon SSM

      Having once been the flagship of the 6th Frigate Squadron, Montrose is now part of the Devonport Flotilla, based in Devonport Dockyard in Plymouth.


      Operational history:


      Service in 1990s and early 2000s:

      Deployments in the 1990s include her first trip to the South Atlantic, as Falkland Islands Guardship, which ended in October 1996. Her first visit to the City of Dundee was in 1993. Several NATO deployments followed, and in early 2002, Montrose returned to the Falklands on the now-renamed Atlantic Patrol Task (South) deployment, during which divers from Montrose replaced the White Ensign on Antelope, which was sunk during the Falklands War. On her return from this deployment, she conducted her first refit period (RP1), which was completed in early January 2004.


      2004 Chicoutimi Incident:

      In October 2004, Montrose was one of a number of ships that was dispatched to the rescue of the stricken Canadian submarine Chicoutimi (an ex-Royal Navy Upholder-class submarine) which had suffered a number of fires on board, causing casualties and the loss of power in the submarine. Montrose was the first Royal Navy vessel to make contact with the boat and assisted the submarine.


      Service in late 2000s:

      Montrose deployed in 2006 to the Persian Gulf on Operation Telic in the first half of 2006. After returning to the UK for personnel changes and maintenance, from 8 January to 27 July 2007, Montrose then deployed for seven months to the Mediterranean Sea as the UK contribution to the Standing NATO Maritime Group Two (SNMG2). As part of this group, she participated in NATO’s Operation Active Endeavour (OAE), countering terrorist activity in the Mediterranean and preventing smuggling and other illegal activity. After Summer Leave, the ship headed to Scotland to take part in Exercise Neptune Warrior, during which time she was visited by Prince Michael of Kent, Honorary Rear Admiral of the Royal Naval Reserve, on 24 September 2007.

      Following Operational Sea Training, Montrose deployed again to the Middle East on 12 March 2008 to join Combined Task Force (CTF) 150, operating in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea. Activity in this deployment included Exercise KhunjarHaad, a multi-national exercise held in the Gulf of Oman, and (working with Chatham, Edinburgh and RFA Argus the seizure of over 23 tonnes of drugs including cocaine, hashish, amphetamines and opiates. She returned home on 3 October 2008, and after operating in UK waters, commenced a £15,000,000 upkeep package at Rosyth in early 2009.

      This second refit package (RP2) included a number of major capability upgrades for the ship, including the first fitting of the Royal Navy’s newest command system, DNA(2), and the replacement of the two old manually-operated 30mm guns with two 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Guns. Having rejoined the ship on 20 July 2009, the Ship's Company conducted post-refits trials until January 2010, and Montrose was formally accepted back into the Fleet on 11 February 2010.


      Service in 2010s:

      After operational sea training Montrose deployed to Arabian Sea in Summer 2010 to conduct anti-piracy operations, highlights of which included the November 2010 destruction of a Somalian pirate ship by the ships Lynx helicopter while on patrol off the coast of Somalia and the disruption of several pirate attacks on merchant ships.

      In October 2011, Montrose deployed again to the South Atlantic, during which she was due to visit Callao, Peru in March 2012, but the Peruvian government cancelled the visit, according to the Foreign Minister, as a gesture of solidarity with Argentina over the Falklands. After visits to New Orleans and Bermuda in March and April 2012, Montrose returned to the UK in May 2012. In July 2012, the ship acted as the escort vessel for HM the Queen during her Diamond Jubilee visit to Cowes.

      From September to November 2012, the ship participated in the COUGAR 12 deployment to the Mediterranean. In early 2013, the ship and crew underwent intensive training to return to the front line, and then deployed as part of the COUGAR 13 task group in August 2013. After the remainder of the COUGAR 13 task group returned to the UK, Montrose remained in the Middle East to act as the UK's frigate in the Persian Gulf under Operation KIPION, and conducted numerous exercises with allied nations, as well as UK-only training events such as the maintenance exercise with RFA Diligence.

      In 2014, Montrose was tasked to join Norwegian and Danish warships in Operation RECSYR - the mission to escort the merchant vessels removing the Syrian chemical weapons stockpile for destruction. Having handed over to HMS Diamond, the ship arrived home in March 2014. Subsequently, and after a high profile London visit to celebrate 20 years since the ship's commissioning, the ship was sent to the Baltic Sea to participate in BALTOPS 14, a large scale US-led multinational exercise with participation from 30 ships and submarines from 14 nations. The ship entered refit at Devonport in October 2014, and will rejoin the Fleet in 2016.


      Visits to Dundee and Montrose:

      Montrose has visited the city of Dundee on many occasions, include Easter 1997, 6-9 November 1998 (Dundee Navy Days), 9 October 2004 (for wreath-laying ceremony commemorating the 200th anniversary of the death of Admiral Adam Duncan), 4 June 2005, and 9-13 November 2006 (covering the Remembrance Sunday memorial service).

      The port of Montrose is smaller than Dundee, but Montrose has been able to call in four times in her history. The first visit took place in November 1999, and has only happened three times subsequently, once in July 2002, when the ship was granted the Freedom of Angus by the Provost Mrs Frances Duncan, and marched through the town, and 6 years later in November 2008, when the-then Angus Provost Ruth Melville took the salute during a Remembrance Sunday parade in which this Freedom was exercised. The ship returned to Montrose in July 2014, where they exercised the Freedom of Angus in front of Provost Helen Oswald, as well as conducting numerous engagements in the local area.

      The title was bestowed anew in 1707, again in the peerage of Scotland, on the fourth Marquess of Montrose, and has since been in the Graham family. The title is also tied as the chieftainship of Clan Graham.

      The Duke's subsidiary titles are: Marquess of Montrose (created 1644), Marquess of Graham and Buchanan (1707), Earl of Montrose (1503), Earl of Kincardine (1644 & 1707), Earl Graham of Belford (1722), Viscount Dundaff (1707), Lord Graham (1445), Lord Aberruthven, Mugdock and Fintrie (1707) and Baron Graham of Belford (1722). The titles Earl and Baron Graham of Belford are in the peerage of Great Britain the rest are in the peerage of Scotland. The eldest son of the Duke uses the courtesy title Marquess of Graham and Buchanan.



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